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Recovery Manager for AD Disaster Recovery Edition 10.1.1 - User Guide

Overview Getting started
Permissions required to use Recovery Manager for Active Directory Recovery Manager Console Getting and using help Configuring Windows Firewall Using Computer Collections Managing Recovery Manager for Active Directory configuration Licensing
Backing up data
Permissions required for the Backup operation Managing Backup Agent Using a least-privileged user account to back up data Using Managed Service Accounts Active Directory backups vs Windows System State backups Creating BMR and Active Directory backups Using the Backup Wizard Retrying backup creation Enabling backup encryption Backing up AD LDS (ADAM) Backing up cross-domain group membership Backing up distributed file system (DFS) data Backup scheduling Setting performance options Setting advanced backup options Using Forest Recovery Agent Unpacking backups Using e-mail notification Viewing backup creation results
Restoring data
Getting started with Active Directory recovery Managing deleted or recycled objects Restoring backed up Active Directory components Integration with Change Auditor for Active Directory Using granular online restore Restoring AD LDS (ADAM) Selectively restoring Active Directory object attributes Restoring objects in an application directory partition Restoring object quotas Restoring cross-domain group membership Performing a restore without having administrator privileges Reports about objects and operations Using complete offline restore Offline restore implications Restoring SYSVOL authoritatively Performing a granular restore of SYSVOL Recovering Group Policy Restoring data from third-party backups Using the Extract Wizard Restoring passwords and SID history
Full Replication Consolidating backup registration data Monitoring Recovery Manager for Active Directory Recovering an Active Directory forest
Forest recovery overview Deploying Recovery Manager for Active Directory Forest Edition (Disaster Recovery Edition) Permissions required to use Forest Recovery Console Forest Recovery Console Managing a recovery project Recovery methods Phased recovery Managing Forest Recovery Agent Rebooting domain controllers manually Resetting DSRM Administrator Password Purging Kerberos Tickets Managing the Global Catalog servers Managing FSMO roles Manage DNS Client Settings Configuring Windows Firewall Developing a custom forest recovery plan Backing up domain controllers Assigning a preferred DNS server during recovery Handling DNS servers during recovery Forest recovery approaches Deciding which backups to use Running custom scripts while recovering a forest Overview of steps to recover a forest Viewing forest recovery progress Viewing recovery plan Viewing a report about forest recovery or verify settings operation Handling failed domain controllers Adding a domain controller to a running recovery operation Selectively recovering domains in a forest Recovering SYSVOL Deleting domains during recovery Resuming an interrupted forest recovery Recovering read-only domain controllers (RODCs) Checking forest health Collecting diagnostic data for technical support
Restore Active Directory on Clean OS Bare metal forest recovery Using Management Shell Creating virtual test environments Using Recovery Manager for Active Directory web portal Appendices
Frequently asked questions Best practices for using Computer Collections Technical characteristics Best practices for creating backups Best practices for creating backups for forest recovery Best practices for recovering a forest Descriptions of recovery or verification steps Ports Used by Recovery Manager for Active Directory Forest Edition (Disaster Recovery Edition) Backup Wizard Online Restore Wizard Online Restore Wizard for AD LDS (ADAM) Group Policy Restore Wizard Repair Wizard Extract Wizard Events generated by Recovery Manager for Active Directory Descriptions of PowerShell commands
Add-RMADBackup Add-RMADCollectionItem Add-RMADFEComputer Add-RMADReplicationConsole Add-RMADStorageServer Backup-RMADCollection Close-RMADFEProject Compare-RMADObject Convert-RMADBackup ConvertTo-RMADRecycledObject Create-RMADStorageManagementAgentSetup Expand-RMADBackup Export-RMADBackup Export-RMADFERecoveryCertificate Export-RMADFEResult Get-RMADBackup Get-RMADBackupAgent Get-RMADBackupInfo Get-RMADBackupObject Get-RMADBackupSecurityStatus Get-RMADCollection Get-RMADCollectionItem Get-RMADDeletedObject Get-RMADFEComputer Get-RMADFEConsole Get-RMADFEDnsCache Get-RMADFEDomain Get-RMADFEEvent Get-RMADFEGlobalOptions Get-RMADFEOperation Get-RMADFEPersistenceConnection Get-RMADFEProject Get-RMADFERecoveryAgent Get-RMADFESchedule Get-RMADGlobalOptions Get-RMADLicenseInfo Get-RMADObject Get-RMADReplicationConsole Get-RMADReplicationSchedule Get-RMADReplicationSession Get-RMADReplicationSessionItem Get-RMADReportObject Get-RMADReportObjectAttributes Get-RMADReportObjectChildren Get-RMADReportSession Get-RMADSession Get-RMADSessionItem Get-RMADSessionItemEvent Get-RMADStorageServers Import-RMADBackup Import-RMADFERecoveryCertificate Install-RMADBackupAgent Install-RMADFERecoveryAgent New-RMADCollection New-RMADFEProject New-RMADFERecoveryMedia New-RMADSchedule Open-RMADFEProject Publish-RMADBackupSecurityStatus Remove-RMADBackup Remove-RMADBackupAgent Remove-RMADCollection Remove-RMADCollectionItem Remove-RMADFEComputer Remove-RMADFERecoveryAgent Remove-RMADFESchedule Remove-RMADReplicationConsole Remove-RMADReplicationSchedule Remove-RMADReplicationSession Remove-RMADStorageServer Remove-RMADUnpackedComponent Rename-RMADCollection Restore-RMADDeletedObject Restore-RMADDomainController Restore-RMADObject Resume-RMADFERecovery Save-RMADFEProject Set-RMADCollection Set-RMADFEComputer Set-RMADFEDnsCache Set-RMADFEDomain Set-RMADFEGlobalOptions Set-RMADFEPersistenceConnection Set-RMADFERecoveryMode Set-RMADFESchedule Set-RMADGlobalOptions Set-RMADReplicationConsole Set-RMADReplicationSchedule Start-RMADFERecovery Start-RMADFEVerification Start-RMADReplication Start-RMADReportViewer Stop-RMADFEWorkflow Update-RMADBackupAgent Update-RMADFEProject Update-RMADLicense

Progress tab

You can use this tab to view progress of the recovery stages and steps applicable to the domain controller selected in the list. To view more information about a recovery step on this tab, point to that step, and then point to the question mark displayed next to it.

You can copy the information displayed on the Progress tab to the Clipboard and then paste it to another application (for example, a Microsoft Office Word file). To do so, point to the Progress tab, and then click the Copy button in the upper right corner of the tab. This copies all the information displayed on the Progress tab, including the current status of each recovery stage and step and any error messages displayed on the tab.


Events tab

You can use this tab to view recovery events related to the entire Active Directory forest, specific domain controllers, or both these categories of recovery events.

On this tab, you can use the following elements:

  • Show - Select a category of recovery events to view:

    • Forest-wide events. Shows recovery events related to the entire Active Directory forest.

    • Events for selected DCs. Shows recovery events related to the domain controllers selected in the list.

    • All events. Shows forest-wide events and events related to the domain controllers selected in the list.

  • Copy - Copies events in the list to Clipboard.

  • Save - Allows you to export events in the list to one of the following formats:

    • Text (Tab delimited) (*.txt)

    • CSV (Comma delimited) (*.csv)


Configuring advanced settings

You can change a number of advanced settings of the Forest Recovery Console. To do so, you need to modify the FRConsoleSettings.xml file that stores these advanced settings. You can find this file in the Recovery Manager for Active Directory installation folder (by default, this is %ProgramFiles%\Quest\Recovery Manager for Active Directory).

The changes you make in the FRConsoleSettings.xml file become effective right after you save the file. You do not need to restart the Forest Recovery Console.

The FRConsoleSettings.xml file includes the following XML elements you can modify:


Enables or disables skipping the files that are identical on the domain controller and in the backup during restore operations. This element can take one of the following values:

  • TRUE. Enables skipping the files.

  • FALSE. Disables skipping the files.


Sets the length (in characters) for the passwords automatically generated by Recovery Manager for Active Directory.


Allows you to specify what symbols you want to use in the passwords automatically generated by Recovery Manager for Active Directory.

This element can take the following values:

  • Latin. Specifies to use English letters.

  • Number. Specifies to use Arabic numerals.

  • Upper. Specifies to use uppercase English letters.

  • Lower. Specifies to use lowercase English letters.

  • All. Specifies to use all of the above-listed characters.

You can specify multiple values in this element. When specifying multiple values, use a pipe (|) as a separator.


Latin | Number | Upper | Lower


Specifies the maximum age (in days) of the backups to be displayed on the GUI. Backups whose age exceeds the specified value will not be displayed.


Do not change the value in this element. This element is for internal use only.


Enables or disables the Recovery Persistence feature. This element can take one of the following values:

  • TRUE. Enables the Recovery Persistence feature.

  • FALSE. Disables the Recovery Persistence feature.


Sets the maximum number of days between the updates of a recovery project. When the specified value is exceeded for a project, the Forest Recovery Console displays a warning.


Sets a timeout for the DNS server search operation performed during a forest or domain recovery. Use the format hh:mm:ss.


Specifies the default location on the Forest Recovery Console computer for storing diagnostic data gathered with the Diagnostic Data Collector.


Sets the global catalog partition occupancy level value to be used when advertising a rebuilt GC fast.

This element can take one of the following values:

  • 0. No occupancy requirement.

  • 1. At least one read-only partition in site added by Knowledge Consistency Checker.

  • 2. At least one partition in site fully synchronized.

  • 3. All read-only partitions in site added by Knowledge Consistency Checker, at least one synchronized.

  • 4. All partitions in site fully synchronized.

  • 5. All read-only partitions in forest added by the Knowledge Consistency Checker, at least one synchronized.

  • 6. All partitions in forest fully synchronized.


If this parameter is set to FALSE, the Adjust to Active Directory changes operation will not call the "Remove lingering objects" command of the Repadmin tool.


If this parameter is set to FALSE, the Adjust to Active Directory changes operation will not call the "Unhost/Rehost" commands of the Repadmin tool.


Allows you to restrict the number of Forest Recovery Console instances that can be run simultaneously on this computer.

This element can take one of the following values:

  • TRUE. Only one instance of Forest Recovery Console can be run at a time.

  • FALSE. The number of Forest Recovery Console instances that can be run simultaneously is unlimited.


Limits the number of automatically selected DNS servers for domain controller DNS client settings.


Specifies the value by which to raise the number of available RID pools.

If necessary, you can revert to the default values in the FRConsoleSettings.xml file.

To revert to the default values
  1. Delete the FRConsoleSettings.xml file.

  2. Restart the Forest Recovery Console on the computer on which you deleted the file in step 1.

    Recovery Manager for Active Directory recreates the FRConsoleSettings.xml file and assigns default values to the elements in the file.


Managing a recovery project

A recovery project is where you manage the recovery of the entire Active Directory forest or specific domains. Each recovery project contains a list of domain controllers to be recovered and their recovery settings, such as recovery method and access credentials. You can specify individual recovery settings for each domain controller in a recovery project. A recovery project also has a number of project-specific settings you can modify.

Each recovery project is saved to an individual project (.frproj) file. A project (.frproj) file holds information about the contents and settings of the project and the recovery settings specified for the DCs in the project.

You can perform sequential recovery against multiple forests (each forest in a separate project file) from a single Forest Recovery Console. Parallel recovery is possible only if you use several instances of Forest Recovery Console on separate machines.

In this section:


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