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SQL Optimizer for SAP ASE 3.8 - User Guide

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SQL Termination (Options)

SQL Optimizer > Optimized SQL > Batch Run > SQL Termination (Options)

The SQL Optimizer finds all the alternative SQL statements that produce the equivalent results to your SQL. These statements may run faster than your source. They also may run longer than your source. Therefore, you will want to terminate the longer running SQL statements. The SQL Termination page is used to set the termination criteria for each SQL statement while retrieving the run time. If the current run time for a particular SQL statement exceeds the termination time, that SQL statement is terminated automatically.

Note: The termination time has a percentage delay added to it.

To define your termination criteria select one of the following options.

Original SQL

The Original SQL option enables you to retrieve the run time of SQL statements that run faster than the original SQL statement. It terminates all SQL statements that run longer than the run time from the original SQL. If you choose this option, the original SQL statement is automatically selected on the Selected SQL tab and during the Batch Run, you cannot terminate the original SQL because its run time is needed to determine when to terminate the SQL alternatives.

Best running time SQL

The Best Running Time SQL option allows you to retrieve the run time of SQL statements that run faster than the current best run time. With this option, the first SQL statement is run and the time from that statement is used as the termination time. When a SQL statement runs faster than this time, the faster time is used as the new termination time. So you are always using the current fastest run time as the termination time for the next SQL statement.

Note: The first SQL statement is either the original or the SQL with the lowest Estimated I/O cost. This depends on whether the Always run Original SQL first option is checked on the Selected SQL tab.

User-defined time

The User Defined Time option retrieves the run time of the SQL statements that are less than the defined time. If your original statement takes a long time to execute and there are many alternative statements, executing all statements may take considerable time. In that event, consider setting an aggressive user defined termination time. If the original SQL takes 1 hour, try a 5-minute termination time. If no alternative statements execute in under that period, raise the termination time to 10 minutes, etc.

Combining Criteria

You can also combine User Defined Timewith Original SQLor Best Running Time SQL by clicking the Or user-defined time checkbox next to each one.

Run without termination

The Run without termination option allows you to retrieve the run time of the SQL statements without any termination criteria. All SQL statements run to completion.


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SQL Termination (Percentage Delay)

SQL Optimizer > Optimized SQL > Batch Run > SQL Termination (Percentage Delay)

The percentage delay calculation adds additional time to the termination time. It is used to account for the time it takes the SQL statement to travel from the PC to the database server over the network and to find all the SQL statements that terminate very close the fastest SQL statement.

Percentage delay (%) - Range 1 - 200 (Default: 5)

The value entered into this field is used as a percentage to calculate the additional time that is added to the termination time. For example, if the termination time is 10 minutes and the percentage delay is 5%, then all SQL statements executed are terminated if the run time exceeds 10.5 minutes. (10+ (10 * 5%))

Minimum delay time (secs) - Range 2 - 99 (Default: 5)

This is the minimum number of seconds that is added to the termination time. It is necessary to factor into the overall termination time the time needed for the SQL statement to be sent to the database server from the PC before it starts to run. This number is only used if the Percentage delay calculation is lower than this value.

Maximum delay time (mins) - Range 1 - 9999 (Default 60)

This is the maximum number of minutes that can be added to the termination time. This number is only used if the Percentage delay calculation is higher than this value.


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Batch Termination

SQL Optimizer > Optimized SQL > Batch Run > Batch Termination

The Batch Termination page of the Batch Run Criteria window is used to determine if and when to terminate the Batch Run. It enables you to find alternative SQL statements that give you good performance improvement without having to execute every SQL alternative.

No termination

Specify to run the Batch Run to completion.

Terminate Batch Run if the specified number of SQL falls in the criteria.

Specify to terminate the Batch Run when a specified number of SQL statements are found that meet the following requirements for terminating the Batch Run.


Number of SQL (excluding the Source)

Specify how many SQL statements must be found that a show performance improvement over the original SQL statement.


Count the SQL if its elapsed time is faster than

Specify one of the following criteria to determine how the performance improvement is determined.


Original SQL

Count all SQL statements that run faster than the run time from the original SQL.


Original SQL with a percentage of improvement

Count all SQL statements where the run time for the alternative SQL statement is the specified percentage faster than time for the original SQL statement.


User-defined time (mins/secs)

Count all SQL statements that run faster than a specified number of minutes and/or seconds.


Related Topic

Run Time Mode

SQL Optimizer > Optimized SQL > Batch Run > Run Time Mode

The Batch Run is designed to give the most accurate result by providing options for obtaining the most accurate run time taking into account the effects of caching the data, indexes and the SQL statements. This section allows you to select one of the four options best suited to your SQL statement.

Run to retrieve Description

All records

Specify to retrieve the run time for processing All Records.

First n Records(s)

Specify to retrieve the run time for processing n records where you specify the number of records retrieved.
Retrieve the run time by executing Description

Run SQL options

Select one of the following options:

  • Run all SQL twice if original SQL runs faster than (seconds)—Combines the Original SQL twice and all others once and the All SQL twice options into one option and allows you to determine (by the number of seconds a SQL statement runs) which option to use. The original SQL statement always runs twice. The SQL alternatives run twice if the original SQL statement runs in less time than the value specified. Otherwise, the SQL alternatives all run once.
  • First one twice using the second run time and others once—The first time you access data from table, the data is cached into memory. This process takes a few moments. The next time you access that data, it is already in memory so the following SQL statements run faster. So to have a comparable test, the first SQL statement is run twice and the time from the second run is compared to the time from the other statements.
  • All once—For long running SQL statements, there is no need to run them twice since the effect from caching diminishes over time.
  • All twice—Running all SQL statements twice enables you to eliminate some factors that can affect the accuracy of the results. If some SQL statements have been recently executed, then the SQL information is likely to be resident in cache and it may execute faster because of that. Also, if the SQL statements use different indexes, some indexes may be resident in cache and the others are not. Five methods of calculating the run time are available if you select this option: Excluding the first run time, Average, Sum, Maximum, and Minimum.
  • Excluding the first run time—Specify to throw out the first run time and use the second one when all SQL statements should have the necessary items in cache. This minimizes the effect that caching of the SQL statement and the indexes may have on the accuracy of the run time results.
  • All multiple times—This option is suitable for SQL statements with very short run times. It executes the SQL statements the selected number of times. It calculates the run time based upon the selected calculation method. This option helps to negate the factor of other activity running on the CPU at the same time as the SQL is executed. Since the run time is calculated from the moment the SQL statement starts running to the time it finishes, if SQL statement shares the CPU with other activity, the run time includes this other activity. Four methods of calculating the run time are available if you select this option: Average, Sum, Maximum, and Minimum.

    This option is only available for SELECT statements since the INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE statements would need a rollback between each of the multiple executions.

Include trace statistics

Select this checkbox to include trace statistics in the retrieved SQL.


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