This section describes how to create a Windows Server 2012 or higher domain controller from a backup by using the Install from Media (IFM) feature of Windows and the Extract Wizard.
To create a domain controller, complete these steps:
Create a backup of a Windows Server 2012-based or higher domain controller's Active Directory.
To create a backup, you can use the Backup Wizard.
Start the Extract Wizard and follow the steps in the wizard.
On the Backup Selection page, select the backup you created in step 1 of this procedure.
On the Folder Selection page, specify the path to the folder where you want to place the extracted backup files.
Follow the steps in the wizard to complete the domain controller creation extract operation.
On the Windows Server 2012-based or higher computer you want to promote to a domain controller, use Server Manager to install the Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) role: in Server Manager, on the Manage menu, click Add Roles and Features, and then follow the steps in the wizard to install the AD DS role.
Use the Install-ADDSDomainController cmdlet supplied with Windows PowerShell to create a new domain controller from the backup you extracted in Step 1: Create and extract a backup. To specify the path to the extracted backup, use the -InstallationMediaPath parameter of the cmdlet.
To view detailed information about the Install-ADDSDomainController cmdlet, in the Windows PowerShell window, type the following:
Get-Help Install-ADDSDomainController -detailed