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Toad Data Point 5.0 - User Guide

Reverse Engineer Queries

One way to build a query is to begin adding columns and creating joins in the Query Builder, and then send the query to the editor to add more complex functionality, such as a UNION join. You can also send a query from the editor to the Query Builder. For example, you inherited a large query when an employee left and you need to edit it to resolve an issue. After looking at the query in the editor for some time, you still cannot decipher it. So, you right-click the statement and select Send to Query Builder. Now that you can visually see how the tables are referenced, you can identify and resolve the issue.

Considerations and Limitations in the Query Builder

Consider the following when reverse engineering a query using the Query Builder:

General  

Description

Single statement support

The Query Builder only supports one statement at a time. If you add multiple statements to the Query tab, only the first statement is used. If you make any changes to the statement on the Diagram tab, the other statements are lost.

Quote identifiers

If you selected the Quote Identifiers checkbox in Tools | Options | Database | General and generate a query from the Query Builder in SQL Server, the query cannot be reverse engineered.

ODBC support

You must use ANSI SQL for the query.

Excel support

Copying a generated query and attempting to reverse engineer that query results in an error. This issue occurs because the parser defaults to Oracle syntax, which does not understand quotation marks for fully qualified object names. To avoid this issue, clear the Use fully qualified object names and Use fully qualified column names checkboxes in Tools | Options | Database | Query Builder or manually edit the query.

Non-ANSI joins (Oracle only)

When sending a query from the Editor to the Query Builder, Toad automatically uses ANSI joins. If you use Where clause joins, click to disable ANSI joins. This converts the statement to the correct join.

Where Condition

Description

Where condition does not display in the Criteria grid after sending it to the Query Builder from the Editor

If you send a query that contains a Where condition from the editor to the Query Builder, it displays in a Global Where clause bubble on the Diagram pane instead of in the Where Condition field in the Criteria grid.

You can double-click the Global Where Clause bubble in the Diagram pane or can click to edit it.

You can also use the Where condition fields in the Criteria grid to add new Where conditions. Although they display in the grid, they are added to the Global Where clause in the Query tab.  

Where condition created in the Criteria grid of the Diagram tab disappears

If you define a Where condition in the Criteria grid and edit any part of the query in the Query tab, the Where condition is removed from the Criteria grid and placed in a Global Where Clause bubble.

You can double-click the Global Where Clause bubble in the Diagram pane or can click to edit it.

Having Condition

Description

Having condition does not display in the Criteria grid after sending it to the Query Builder from the Editor

If you send a query that contains a Having condition from the editor to the Query Builder, it displays in a Global Having clause bubble on the Diagram pane instead of in the Having Condition field in the Criteria grid.

You can double-click the Global Having Clause bubble in the Diagram pane or can click to edit it.

You can also use the Having condition fields in the Criteria grid to add new Having conditions. Although they display in the grid, they are added to the Global Where clause in the Query tab.

Having condition created in the Criteria grid of the Diagram tab disappears

If you define a Having condition in the Criteria grid and edit any part of the query in the Query tab, the Having condition is removed from the Criteria grid and placed in a Global Having Clause bubble.

You can double-click the Global Having Clause bubble in the Diagram pane or can click to edit it.

Query Builder Diagram Tab

Description

Comments and code regions removed after making changes in the Diagram tab

When reverse engineering a statement from the editor or the Query tab and switching to the Diagram tab, if the statement contains a block comment or code region and you make a change in the Diagram tab, the comment or code region is removed from the statement.

Same column cannot be used in the criteria grid

You cannot use the same column more than once in the criteria grid. Even if you create a separate alias for the second use of the column, that column is created as a calculated field. See Create New Columns from Existing Columns for more information.

Execute with different query in the Diagram and Query tabs

If the query in the Diagram tab is different than the query in the Query tab, executing the query executes the SQL in the Query tab instead of the Diagram.

Save with different query in the Diagram and Query tabs

The Query Builder saves both the statement and diagram in the same file. The contents of the statement and diagram can be different without losing changes.

To reverse engineer a query

  1. Right-click a statement in the Editor, and select Send to Query Builder.See About Editing SQL for more information.

    or

    Click in the Query Builder to send a statement to the Editor. Skip the remaining steps and continue to edit the query. See About Editing SQL for more information.

    Troubleshooting: If the query cannot be modeled in the Diagram tab, a message displays and the statement opens in the Query tab. This usually occurs because the graphical diagram cannot support some functionality in the statement. You can view an explanation for this in the Output window or by hovering over the syntax with a red underline () in the Query tab. To continue, correct the error and click to apply the change and open the Diagram tab.

  2. Continue to build your query visually using the diagram.

  3. Select the Query tab and make any additional edits. Indicators for an edited statement are as follows:

     

    Inserted lines

     

    Modified or removed lines

     

    Modified characters

    Use the toolbar in the lower-right corner of the Query tab to modify the color used for each indicator.

    Caution:  If you manually enter or update the statement in the Query tab, you must click to model the query in the Diagram tab. If you do not do this and make additional changes in the Diagram tab, any changes you made in the Query tab are lost.

  4. Click to execute the query.

Tip: If you have multiple statements in the Editor and you want to send only one to the Query Builder, highlight the statement, then right-click it and select Send to Query Builder.

  

Related Topics

Build Queries Visually 

Create Cross-Connection Queries

Build a Subquery

In this tutorial you will create a subquery to use to filter your selection of address IDs to only those addresses from specific regions.

To build a subquery

  1. Connect to the Toad Sample (Access) database in the Navigation Manager.

  2. Select Tools | Query Builder | Query Builder.
  3. Drag the ADDRESS table to the Diagram pane.
  4. Click these column names in the ADDRESS table to add the columns to the query:

    • ADDRESS_ID
    • REGION_ID
  5. To add a subquery:
    1. Select the Where field in the REGION_ID column and click . The Where Condition editor displays.

    2. Select the IN operator from the list, and then click Subquery.

    3. A child Query Builder window displays for you to use to build the subquery.

      • The child (subquery) Query Builder window includes a Diagram pane, a Criteria pane, and a Queries pane for navigating back and forth between subqueries and the main query.

    4. Drag the REGION table to the Diagram pane and select the REGION_ID column.

    5. Select the Where field in the REGION_ID column and click . In the Where Condition editor, select the In comparison operator, select Constant, and select the values 1 and 2.

    6. Your subquery window should look something like this:

    7. Click to execute the subquery. Select the Results tab to review the result set for the subquery.
  6. Click the Query node in the Queries pane to return to the main query window. A call-out in the main query Diagram pane indicates that the statement contains a subquery and identifies the column it is on. Hover over the call-out to view the subquery statement.

  7. Click to execute the main query.

 

  

Related Topics  

Build Queries Visually

Add Subqueries

Edit SQL

The editor combines a powerful SQL and procedure editor into a single interface.

Notes:

  • See Editor Shortcut Keys for more information about keyboard shortcuts used in the Editor.
  • Toad has implemented a large script mode to improve performance when opening files larger than 2 MB. By default, when you open a large file, some features such as word wrap, syntax highlighting, and the Script Map are disabled in the Editor. When a large script loads, a message indicates that you are in large script mode in the right margin of the Editor. You can cancel large script mode by clearing the option in Tools | Options | Editor | General.
  • To show the Script Map, Script Results or Group Execute panes for the current Editor window select Editor | Windows | <pane>.

To edit SQL

  1. Select Tools | Edit | SQL Editor.

    Note: You can query the worksheet from the Editor by entering a dollar sign ($) followed by a cell range to limit the results similar to the following statement:

    Select * from (MyWorksheet$A1:C10)

    You can also query the entire worksheet by entering a dollar sign ($) after the worksheet name; however, this returns empty rows and columns in the worksheet.

  2. Review the following to help enter SQL:

  3. Click to format the code. See Format SQL for more information.

  4. Right-click a block of code in the Editor to see additional actions available in the context menu. For example, you can turn a line into comment, uppercase or lowercase it, surround with snippet, set numbered bookmark, collapse or expand nodes, send to Query Builder and etc. You can also right-click an object (e.g. a table) and manage it as if in the Object Explorer.
  5. Hold Alt + left-click and drag to select vertical blocks of text in Editor.
  6. Select the block of code in the Editor, and click to validate the syntax.

    Note: Toad undoes any changes to the object and data in the database after executing the script (notice that the Result Sets tab is empty). To modify the object and data, you need to execute the script.

  7. Click Fetch n rows to specify the number of rows to initially retrieve when executing the query. You can set a default value for this option in Tools | Options | Database | General. See General Database Options.
  8. Click to execute SQL on the current server or multiple servers at one time. See Group Execution of Scripts for more information. In the Editor toolbar, the execute SQL buttons are grouped under . The button will retain the function of the last execute action for the active Editor window. If you switch to another Editor window, the button will change to reflect the last action for that window. For more information, see Execute SQL.

  9. Select the block of code in the Editor and click to create a stored procedure. Stored Procedure creation dialog automatically recognizes procedure body and declared parameters.

Tips:

  • Toad automatically saves a backup copy of any modified editor file in the Application Data Directory to avoid losing your work. When you restart Toad after an unexpected close, Toad checks the timestamp on the backup file against the original file, and opens the file that has the latest timestamp. The document recovery option is in Tools | Options | Environment | General. See General Environment Options for more information.
  • You can save the current connection, SQL script, executed results, filters, and group execute connections/results (if enabled) in a Toad editor file (.tef). This file format is useful for building scripts that have large result sets that you do not want to continue executing or for saving results when you have not finished building a script.
  • Editor supports floating window mode.
  • The script is automatically checked for syntax errors when executing current statement (F9), checking syntax, changing database, or refreshing the Script Map. The syntax errors are listed in the Script Results pane in the Messages tab.
  • If you copy and paste a SQL statement from one editor window to another, Toad automatically rewrites the statement to match the syntax of the connection for the second editor window.

Configure Editor Options

You can specify options for the look and behavior of the SQL Editor by using the Toad Options dialog.

To configure Editor options

  1. Select Tools | Options.
  2. To specify one of the following options, select the corresponding page in the Options dialog.

    Option Description

    Page in Options Dialog

    Display the tabs for the current connection only when using Tabbed windows

    Select Environment | Interface

    Change background color of the Editor Select Editor | General
    Use connection color as background color Select Editor | General
    Position Editor tab headers vertically Select Environment | Interface

    Set options to display line numbers, line modifications, and general text formatting

    Select Editor | General 

    Specify options to automatically replace typed text with the correct substitution text

    Select Editor | Auto-replace

    Customize code formatting options including headers and layout characteristics

    Select Editor | Formatter

Click here to view a video of this feature.

 

Editor Shortcut Keys

You can assign individual shortcut keys in Keyboard options. See Keyboard Options for more information. You can also customize Toad to use the shortcut keys of existing applications such as Toad for Oracle, SQL Navigator, or Query Analyzer in the Configuration Wizard (Tools | Configuration Wizard).

Caution! If you have some global access keys assigned, make sure that Toad shortcut keys do not coincide with them. When using such duplicating shortcut keys in Toad, the third party application commands, assigned globally, will be performed instead of ones assigned by Toad.

Tip: You can also use Auto-replace to specify words which can be used as shortcuts for entering phrases or statements. See Use Auto-Replace in the Editor for more information.

The following table describes the default shortcut keys in Toad.

Frequently Used Functions

Description

CTRL+PERIOD

Displays the code completion list

F9

Execute current statement

F5

Execute all statements, in order, one at a time

CTRL+MINUS

Comments the selected line

CTRL+SHIFT+MINUS

Uncomments the selected line

CTRL+J

Collapses all code regions

CTRL+M

Expands all code regions

ALT+PAUSE

Stops script execution

Bookmark

Description

CTRL+SHIFT+0-9

Sets a numbered bookmark at the selected line

CTRL+0-9

Goes to the numbered bookmark

Case

Description

CTRL+L

Converts the selected text to lowercase

CTRL+U

Converts the selected text to uppercase

Clipboard

Description

CTRL+C

Copies the selected text to the clipboard

CTRL+X

Cuts the selected text for pasting in the clipboard

CTRL+V

Pastes text from the clipboard

Code Completion

Description

CTRL+PERIOD

Displays code completion list

ENTER

Selects an item and close the code completion list

CTRL+SPACE

Selects an item without closing the code completion list

CTRL+<right arrow>

Expands a node in the code completion list

CTRL+<left arrow>

Collapses a node in the code completion list

Comment

Description

CTRL+MINUS

Comments the selected line

CTRL+SHIFT+MINUS

Uncomments the selected line

Cursor

Description

HOME

Moves the cursor to the beginning of the line

CTRL+HOME

Moves the cursor to the beginning of the file

END

Moves the cursor to the end of the line

CTRL+END

Moves the cursor to the end of the file

Debugger

Description

SHIFT+F12

Step from cursor

F7

Step into

SHIFT+F7

Step out

F8

Step over

F11

Run to breakpoint

F12

Run to cursor

CTRL+B

Set breakpoint

CTRL+W

Add watch at cursor

Delete

Description

BACKSPACE

Deletes the selected text (if text is selected); otherwise, deletes the previous character

CTRL+BACKSPACE

Deletes text to the beginning of the previous word

CTRL+SHIFT+DELETE

Deletes the entire script

Find and Replace

Description

CTRL+F

Finds text

F3

Finds the next occurrence of text

SHIFT+F3

Finds the previous occurrence of text

CTRL+G

Goes to line number

CTRL+I

Performs an incremental search

CTRL+SHIFT+I

Performs a reverse incremental search

Indent

Description

TAB

Indents the selected line

SHIFT+TAB

Outdents the selected line

Macros

Description

CTRL+SHIFT+R

Starts/Stops recording a macro

CTRL+SHIFT+P

Plays the recorded macro

Miscellaneous

Description

F4

Invokes objects search

F4+SHIFT

Describes the object next to the cursor

F6

Toggles between the Editor and Data Grid

CTRL+R

Show/hide Results pane

CTRL+D

Sends SQL to Query Builder

SHIFT+F8

Recalls the previous SQL statement

CTRL+á

Scrolls up the window.

CTRL+â

Scrolls down the window

<auto-replace token>+SPACE

Automatically replaces a misspelled word, inserts symbols, and expands text.

Note: You can set autoreplace in Tools | Options | Editor | Autoreplace.

CTRL+SPACE

Displays the Code Snippets folder browser

<code snippet shortcut name>+CTRL+SPACE

Inserts the code snippet template

CTRL+DELETE

Sets the column value for the current cell to Null in the data grid

  

Related Topics

About Editing SQL

Insert Code Snippets

About Debugging SQL

Related Documents