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SharePlex 9.0 - Administration Guide

About this Guide Conventions used in this guide Overview of SharePlex Run SharePlex Run multiple instances of SharePlex Execute commands in sp_ctrl Set SharePlex parameters Configure SharePlex to replicate data Configure replication to and from a container database Configure named queues Configure partitioned replication Configure SharePlex to maintain a change history target Configure a replication strategy Configure SharePlex to replicate Oracle DDL Set up error handling Transform data Configure SharePlex security features Activate replication in your production environment Monitor SharePlex Prevent and solve replication problems Repair out-of-sync Data Procedures to maintain Oracle high availability Make changes to an active replication environment Apply an Oracle application patch or upgrade Back up Oracle data on the source or target Tune the Capture process Tune the Post process Appendix A: Peer-To-Peer Diagram Appendix B: SharePlex environment variables

Apply patch/upgrade to source then copy it to target

Supported databases

Oracle on all supported platforms

When to use this procedure

Use this procedure if the patch or upgrade makes DDL changes of a type not replicated by SharePlex. For a list of objects for which DDL is supported, see the SharePlex Release Notes.

Overview of the procedure

Use this procedure to run an Oracle hot backup to copy patches or upgrades from the source system to the target system, instead of applying the patch or upgrade directly on the target system. This is useful if the patch or upgrade makes extensive changes that are of the type(s) not supported by SharePlex replication, or if you are unsure of what it does.

With this procedure, you can keep the configuration file active on the source system. You use the reconcile command to identify and eliminate the following:

  • Duplicate DML and supported DDL from the patch or upgrade operations that were replicated but also applied by the backup.
  • Production transactions that were replicated but also applied by the backup.

Apply the patch/upgrade

  1. Stop user access to the instances involved in replication on the source and target systems, but do not shut down SharePlex.
  2. On the source system, run sp_ctrl.
  3. On the source system, flush the data to the target system. This command stops Post and places a marker in the data stream that establishes a synchronization point between source and target data.

    sp_ctrl> flush datasource

    where: datasource is the datasource of the source instance, for example o.oraA.

  4. On the source system, apply the patch or upgrade.
  5. On the source system, restore user access to the source instance.
  6. [If the patch/upgrade adds objects that must be replicated] Edit the configuration file as follows (do not deactivate it). The patch or upgrade may have affected column partitions or column conditions in partitioned replication. For more information, see Change an active configuration file.

    • Copy the configuration file.

      sp_ctrl> copy config filename to newname

    • Edit the copy.

      sp_ctrl> edit config newname

      Save the file.

  7. Do one of the following:

    • If you added objects in the previous step, activate the new configuration file.

      sp_ctrl> activate config newname

    • If you did not make any changes to the original configuration file, activate that one.

      sp_ctrl> activate config filename

  8. On the source, run the Oracle hot backup.
  9. On the source, switch log files and make a note of the highest archive-log sequence number.

    svrmgr1> alter system switch logfile;

  10. On the target, recover the target database from the hot backup using the UNTIL CANCEL option in the RECOVER clause, and cancel the recovery after Oracle fully applies the log that you recorded in the previous step.
  11. On the target system, open the database with the RESETLOGS option.
  12. Run the Database Setup utility on the target instance, but do not create a new user. Choose the existing SharePlex user and password (copied in the backup). For more information, see Database Setup Utilities in the SharePlex Reference Guide.
  13. On the target system, issue the reconcile command using the sequence number of the log that you noted previously. If you are using named post queues, issue the command for each one. If you do not know the queue names, issue the qstatus command first.

    sp_ctrl> qstatus

    sp_ctrl> reconcile queue queuename for datasource-datadest seq sequence_number

    Example: reconcile queue SysA for o.oraA-o.oraA seq 1234

    Note: The reconcile process retains control of sp_ctrl until it is finished.

  14. On the target system, if the patch or upgrade installed triggers on the tables in replication, disable them or run the sp_add_trigger.sql utility script so that the triggers ignore the SharePlex user.
  15. On the target system, if the patch or upgrade added check constraints or scheduled jobs that perform DML, disable them.
  16. On the target system, perform any cleanup required by partitioned replication.

  17. On the target system, start Post.

    sp_ctrl> start post

    The two instances are now in synchronization, and SharePlex resumes replication.

Apply patch/upgrade to source and target

Supported databases

Oracle on all supported platforms

When to use this procedure

Use this procedure if the patch or upgrade makes DDL changes of a type not replicated by SharePlex. For a list of objects for which DDL is supported, see the SharePlex Release Notes.

Overview of the procedure

Use this procedure to apply an application patch or upgrade if it includes changes to the database that are not replicated by SharePlex and you can stop user access to the source database to deactivate and reactivate the configuration file. It requires deactivation of the configuration file so that SharePlex can rebuild its object information to incorporate the changes that the patch or upgrade applied. When you reactivate the configuration, SharePlex will re-analyze all of the objects again. You can allow users to access the source data while the patch or upgrade is applied to the target system.

Apply the patch/upgrade

  1. Stop user access to the instances involved in replication on the source and target systems, but do not shut down SharePlex.
  2. On the source system, flush the data to the target system. This command stops Post and places a marker in the data stream that establishes a synchronization point between source and target data.

    sp_ctrl> flush datasource

    where: datasource is the datasource of the source instance, for example o.oraA.

  3. On the source system, deactivate the configuration.

    sp_ctrl> deactivate config filename

  4. On the source system, apply the patch or upgrade.
  5. [If the patch/upgrade adds objects that must be replicated] On the source system, edit the configuration file, including making any changes to column partitions or column conditions if using partitioned replication. For more information, see Change an active configuration file.

    sp_ctrl> edit config filename

  6. On the source system, activate the configuration file.

    sp_ctrl> activate config filename

  7. On the source system, restore user access to the source instance.
  8. On the target system, apply the patch or upgrade.
  9. On the target system, if the patch or upgrade installed triggers on the tables in replication, disable them or run the sp_add_trigger.sql utility script so that the triggers ignore the SharePlex user.
  10. On the target system, if the patch or upgrade added check constraints or scheduled jobs that perform DML, disable them.
  11. On the target system, perform any cleanup required by partitioned replication.
  12. On the target system, start Post.

    sp_ctrl> start post

    The two instances are now in synchronization, and SharePlex resumes replication.

Apply patch to source and replicate it to the target

Supported databases

Oracle on all supported platforms

When to use this procedure

Use this procedure if all of the operations applied by a patch or upgrade are supported by SharePlex and can be replicated to the target. This includes DML changes and DDL that is supported by SharePlex. If you are not sure whether the patch or upgrade performs operations that are not supported by SharePlex, use the procedure Apply patch/upgrade to source then copy it to target.

Note: For a list of operations that SharePlex supports, see the SharePlex Release Notes.

Apply the patch/upgrade

  1. Stop user access to the Oracle instances on the source and target systems.
  2. On the source system, flush the data to the target system. This command stops Post and places a marker in the data stream that establishes a synchronization point between source and target data.

    sp_ctrl> flush datasource

    where: datasource is the datasource of the source instance, for example o.oraA.

  3. On the source system, apply the patch or upgrade.
  4. On the source system, restore user access to the source instance.
  5. On the target system, if the patch or upgrade created or modified triggers, disable them or run the sp_add_trigger.sql utility script so that the triggers ignore the SharePlex user.
  6. On the target system, restore user access to the target instance.

Back up Oracle data on the source or target

This topic contains procedures for making backups of source and target data while replication is active.

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