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SharePlex 8.6.6 - Administration Guide

About this Guide Conventions used in this guide Overview of SharePlex Run SharePlex Run multiple instances of SharePlex Execute commands in sp_ctrl SharePlex parameters Prepare an Oracle environment for replication Create a configuration file Configure replication to Open Target targets Configure a replication strategy Configure partitioned replication Configure named queues Configure SharePlex to maintain a change history target Replicate Oracle DDL Set up error handling Transform data Configure SharePlex security features Activate replication in your production environment Monitor SharePlex Prevent and solve replication problems Repair out-of-sync Data Procedures to maintain Oracle high availability Make changes to an active replication environment Apply an Oracle application patch or upgrade Back up Oracle data on the source or target Tune the Capture process Tune the Post process Appendix A: Peer-To-Peer Diagram Appendix B: SharePlex environment variables

Requirements for activating a configuration

Activate replication in your production environment > Requirements for activating a configuration

Activation of a configuration is an event that requires a series of actions to be taken in a timely manner, uninterrupted. Therefore, it is important to have all of your preparations done ahead of time, leaving nothing in question. You can activate a configuration if you performed the minimal requirements outlined in this topic.

Required authorization level

Only a SharePlex Administrator can activate a configuration. Additional users should be assigned to monitor SharePlex and perform basic operational procedures. For more information about SharePlex user groups and authorization levels, see Assign SharePlex users to security groups.

Required setup

  • Before you activate a configuration, make certain that the objects that you want to replicate exist in the source database.
  • If a table will be partitioned, create those partitions before you activate a configuration to begin replication processing. Partitioning a table while it is actively replicating causes SharePlex to lose the identifying information it has compiled, and DML from that table partition will not be replicated. You can add a partition to a table already in replication, but you will need to reactivate the configuration to update that table in the SharePlex object cache.

Prerequisites

Make certain you satisfy the following prerequisites before you activate a configuration.

Requirement Documentation to Read
Understand how to start and stop the sp_cop program. Run SharePlex

Understand how to issue SharePlex commands.

Execute commands in sp_ctrl

Understand the commands you will use during activation.

Activation commands

Make certain your SharePlex configuration and setup are complete and any optional features are included in the configuration or setup. Create configuration files

Configure partitioned replication

Configure named queues

Configure SharePlex security features

Transform data

Set up error handling

Prepare the database to support replication.

Prepare an Oracle environment for replication

Plan and configure SharePlex to support your replication strategy

Configure a replication strategy

Start the source and target databases.

Database documentation

Unless your applications only generate SharePlex-supported DDL, prevent DDL operations, including TRUNCATE, during activation. Where permitted, DML changes are the only permissible changes during activation.

Database documentation

Test the configuration before activation

Activate replication in your production environment > Test the configuration before activation

Before you activate a configuration in production, perform a test activation by using the verify config command. If there are syntax errors, misspellings or duplicate entries in the configuration file, the entire activation will fail.

This command will test the configuration to find and report the following conditions:

  • Verify the syntax of the entries in the configuration file.
  • Report an error if the source object is not supported for replication by SharePlex.
  • Report if a host name specified in a route is unreachable.
  • Report if there are duplicate specifications for a single object.
  • Report if an object specification will be skipped and the reason why.
  • List the qualifying objects included under wildcard specifications.

The verify config command does not verify how long the activation will take, nor will it verify the target objects or database connection (as represented by the database identifier listed in the routing map.)

For more information, see the verify config command in the SharePlex Reference Guide.

Frequently Asked Questions about activation

Activate replication in your production environment > Frequently Asked Questions about activation

What happens during activation?

During activation, SharePlex gets the information it needs to identify and understand the objects that are configured for replication and build routing maps. For more information, see What is activation?.

How long does activation take?

The length of time that activation takes varies, depending on the size, number and structure of the configured objects.

Do users have to stop access to the data?

The source database can remain available for transactions. Each source table is briefly locked so SharePlex can build its internal object information. Then the lock is released. This happens very quickly and may not even be noticeable by users. However, if a business application has NOWAIT locking, the SharePlex lock may cause the application to fail if it attempts to obtain a lock on an object that is being activated.

Can DDL be performed during activation?

No. The definition of objects cannot be changed during activation.

Can I activate multiple configurations for the same datasource?

No. You can create as many configurations for the same source data, but only one of those can be active at the same time.

Can I activate configurations for different datasources at the same time?

Yes. See How to activate multiple configuration files.

Can I test a configuration before I activate it?

Yes. This is highly recommended. Use the verify config command. See Requirements for activating a configuration.

Can I interrupt an activation to make changes?

No. Activation is meant to be an uninterrupted procedure that initiates replication while maintaining the same series of transactional events as those appearing in the redo log. You can use the abort config command to terminate an activation, but you may then need to clean out the queues and resynchronize the source and target data again. Ideally, you should have a tested configuration file ready to be activated and be prepared to issue commands to the database and to SharePlex.

Can I activate against a quiet database?

Yes. The Oracle database must be mounted and open, however.

Can I increase the number of activation threads?

Yes. The number of threads is controlled globally by the SP_OCF_THREAD_COUNT parameter, which must be set before you issue the activate config command. You can override this value for a particular activation by using the threads option when you issue the activate config command.

How to activate multiple configuration files

Activate replication in your production environment > How to activate multiple configuration files

You can activate one configuration per datasource on a system. For example, if there are ConfigA, ConfigB and ConfigC for the same datasource, you can activate only one of them at a time. Activating another configuration for the same datasource automatically deactivates the first one.

However, if ConfigA replicates data from one datasource, while ConfigB replicates data from a different datasource, you can activate both of those configurations at the same time. Replication for those configurations can operate concurrently.

To activate multiple configuration files

The activation process retains control of the sp_ctrl interface until the activation is finished. Because an activation can take a significant amount of time, you can activate different configurations in different sessions of sp_ctrl. Activate the first configuration, then open another session of sp_ctrl to activate the second one. Open as many sessions of sp_ctrl as you have configurations to activate.

The number of activation threads can be controlled. To set the number of threads, use the SP_OCF_THREAD_COUNT parameter, which is a global setting for the instance of SharePlex. When activating more than one configuration concurrently, you can override this value for a particular activation by using the threads option when you issue the activate config command.

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