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Recovery Manager for AD 10.1 - User Guide

Overview Getting started
Permissions required to use Recovery Manager for Active Directory Recovery Manager Console Getting and using help Configuring Windows Firewall Using Computer Collections Managing Recovery Manager for Active Directory configuration Licensing
Backing up data
Permissions required for the Backup operation Managing Backup Agent Using a least-privileged user account to back up data Using Managed Service Accounts Active Directory backups vs Windows System State backups Creating BMR and Active Directory backups Using the Backup Wizard Retrying backup creation Enabling backup encryption Backing up AD LDS (ADAM) Backing up cross-domain group membership Backing up distributed file system (DFS) data Backup scheduling Setting performance options Setting advanced backup options Unpacking backups Using e-mail notification Viewing backup creation results
Restoring data
Getting started with Active Directory recovery Managing deleted or recycled objects Restoring backed up Active Directory components Integration with Change Auditor for Active Directory Using granular online restore Restoring AD LDS (ADAM) Selectively restoring Active Directory object attributes Restoring objects in an application directory partition Restoring object quotas Restoring cross-domain group membership Performing a restore without having administrator privileges Reports about objects and operations Using complete offline restore Offline restore implications Restoring SYSVOL authoritatively Performing a granular restore of SYSVOL Recovering Group Policy Restoring data from third-party backups Using the Extract Wizard Restoring passwords and SID history
Full Replication Consolidating backup registration data Monitoring Recovery Manager for Active Directory Using Management Shell Collecting diagnostic data for technical support Using Recovery Manager for Active Directory web portal Appendices
Frequently asked questions Best practices for using Computer Collections Best practices for creating backups Ports Used by Recovery Manager for Active Directory Backup Wizard Online Restore Wizard Online Restore Wizard for AD LDS (ADAM) Group Policy Restore Wizard Repair Wizard Extract Wizard Technical characteristics Events generated by Recovery Manager for Active Directory Descriptions of PowerShell commands

Reports database files

The Online Restore Wizard provides comparison and restore reports based on per-attribute comparisons of directory objects selected from a backup, with their counterparts in Active Directory or another backup.

Recovery Manager for Active Directory incorporates Microsoft SQL Reporting Services (SRS). Microsoft SRS is the new reporting standard, replacing the XML-based comparison and restore reports offered by previous versions. For more information, refer to the User Guide supplied with this release of Recovery Manager for Active Directory.

The size of the reports database file depends on the following parameters:

  • Number of the directory objects the Online Restore Wizard has processed.

  • Number of the processed attributes.

  • Type of the processed attributes.

  • Number of the available Online Restore Wizard sessions. Note that the information on all sessions is stored in a single reports database file.

To estimate the reports database file size, use the following empiric formula:

6 x <Number of processed objects>/1000 [MB]

For example, if the Online Restore Wizard has processed 3000 objects, the reports database file size will be approximately 18 MB.


Typical backup creation times

The backup creation time depends on the Active Directory database size (NTDS.dit file) and the compression method Backup Agent uses when processing NTDS.dit. You can specify the compression method on the Performance tab in the Computer Collection Properties dialog box. For more information, refer to the User Guide supplied with this release of Recovery Manager for Active Directory.

The following table illustrates the typical backup creation times for different compression methods. This table has been obtained for the following configuration:

  • The NTDS.dit file size: 3.14 GB

  • The Recovery Manager for Active Directory computer hardware: CPU 2x Intel Xeon 2,8 Hz; RAM 1 GB

Compression method Backup file size Backup creation time (min:sec)
None 3.17 GB 09:07
Fast 1.27 GB 07:35
Normal 1.22 GB 08:27
Maximum 1.2 GB 17:54



The backup creation times for your Active Directory database may vary based on size of the database and a number of other factors including the hardware on the domain controller and how densely the Active Directory database is populated. You can use the examples above as a guide in determining how long it will take to backup your own Active Directory database, but keep in mind that these times are not directly related to the size of the database (i.e. a 6 GB database may not take exactly twice as long to backup as a 3 GB database). The best way to determine what to expect for backup times in your own environment is to create a backup of a production domain controller.

Compression ratios can vary depending on how densely populated the Active Directory database is, but typically using a higher compression method has diminishing returns in terms of the final compressed size of the backup. To ensure both a reasonable backup time and a reasonable compressed backup size it is recommended to use either Fast or Normal compression.


Typical times to unpack backups

Before using a packed backup file (e.g. in the Online Restore Wizard), Recovery Manager for Active Directory must unpack it.

The following table illustrates the typical times required to unpack backups.


You can manage the creation of the unpacked backups using the Unpacked Backups tab in the
Recovery Manager for Active Directory Settings dialog box. You can also have the Online Restore
Wizard or Group Policy Restore Wizard keep unpacked backups for future use. For more information,
refer to the User Guide supplied with this release.

Typical times to unpack backups

Compression method Packed backup file size Backup unpacking time (min:sec)
None 3.17 GB 01:57
Fast 1.27 GB 01:29
Normal 1.22 GB 01:25
Maximum 1.2 GB 01:22


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