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Recovery Manager for AD 10.0.1 - User Guide

Overview Getting started
Permissions required to use Recovery Manager for Active Directory Recovery Manager Console Icons in the user interface Getting and using help Configuring Windows Firewall Using Computer Collections Managing Recovery Manager for Active Directory configuration Licensing
Backing up data
Permissions required for the Backup operation Managing Backup Agent Using a least-privileged user account to back up data Creating backups Retrying backup creation Enabling backup encryption Backing up AD LDS (ADAM) Backing up cross-domain group membership Backing up distributed file system (DFS) data Backup scheduling Setting performance options Setting advanced backup options Unpacking backups Using e-mail notification Viewing backup creation results
Restoring data
Getting started with Active Directory recovery Managing deleted or recycled objects Restoring backed up System State components Using granular online restore Restoring AD LDS (ADAM) Selectively restoring Active Directory object attributes Restoring objects in an application directory partition Restoring object quotas Restoring cross-domain group membership Performing a restore without having administrator privileges Reports about objects and operations Using complete offline restore Offline restore implications Restoring SYSVOL authoritatively Performing a granular restore of SYSVOL Recovering Group Policy Restoring data from third-party backups Using the Extract Wizard Restoring passwords and SID history
Fault tolerance Consolidating backup registration data Monitoring Recovery Manager for Active Directory Using Management Shell Collecting diagnostic data for technical support Using Recovery Manager for Active Directory Web Interface Appendices
Frequently asked questions Backup Wizard Online Restore Wizard Online Restore Wizard for AD LDS (ADAM) Group Policy Restore Wizard Repair Wizard Extract Wizard Events generated by Recovery Manager for Active Directory

How can I restore a user or group in Active Directory?

You can restore individual objects using the Online Restore feature of Recovery Manager for Active Directory. Alternatively, you can restore the entire Active Directory database, and then select individual objects for authoritative restore.

While Recovery Manager for Active Directory supports both methods, online restore is the recommended option as it is faster and simpler. The online restore method allows you to easily restore individual directory objects and object attributes without restarting domain controllers and putting Active Directory offline, thus achieving near-zero downtime.

How does online restore work?

The Recovery Manager for Active Directory online restore method facilitates the restoration of objects and objects attribute values, without putting Active Directory offline. The product can:

  • Recover deleted objects with all their attributes and links by using the functionality provided by Microsoft’s Active Directory Recycle Bin feature.
  • Convert the tombstones into regular objects before applying the attribute values held in the backup.

In the latter scenario, Active Directory retains the object’s tombstone for a specified configurable period of time (tombstone lifetime) in order to enable Active Directory replication to propagate the deletion. An object can only be undeleted if its tombstone exists. After applying the backed-up attribute values, the online restore process adjusts replication-related properties of the restored objects, so that Active Directory replication propagates the restored data to all domain controllers. Optionally, online restore can force replication of the restored data to decrease propagation delay.

When an object is undeleted, what is restored from the tombstone and what is restored from the backup?

When Microsoft’s Active Directory Recycle Bin feature is enabled in the Active Directory forest, Recovery Manager for Active Directory can use the functionality provided by Microsoft’s Active Directory Recycle Bin feature to undelete the object with all its attributes and links to the state the object was in immediately before deletion. No backups required in this recovery scenario.

In other recovery scenarios, when Microsoft’s Active Directory Recycle Bin feature is disabled or not supported, Recovery Manager for Active Directory first restores all the attributes preserved in the object’s tombstone. The remaining attributes are then restored from backup. If the backed-up value of an attribute differs from the value restored from the tombstone, then the backed-up value is restored. As a result, after the recovery operation completes, the restored object has the same attribute values, group memberships, and security descriptor as it had when the backup was created.

It is possible to determine which attributes are preserved in object tombstones by analyzing the AD schema. In such attributes, the third bit in the searchFlags property is set to 1. You can therefore enumerate these attributes using a filter that contains a matching rule such as the following:

searchFlags:1.2.840.113556.1.4.803:=8

What's the difference between an online restore and an authoritative restore?

What’s the difference between an online restore and an authoritative restore?

An online restore is authoritative meaning that Active Directory replication updates all domain controllers with the restored data. However, online restore includes some additional functions. This method is designed to overcome the limitations inherent in a normal authoritative restore performed using native Windows tools. These limitations are as follows:

  • Domain controllers must be restarted in Directory Services Restore mode, and the entire Active Directory database must be restored.
  • When restoring an object, you must restore all attributes, which may overwrite valuable data stored in the object.
  • When restoring a container, you must restore the entire sub-tree rooted in that container. There is no ability to restore only child objects of certain types.
  • To restore an object’s linked attributes, you need to restore both the object, and all objects to which the linked attributes refer; for example, if you only restore a deleted user, the user’s group memberships are not restored.
  • It is not possible to select individual objects for restore based on changes that occurred in Active Directory since backup creation.

To overcome these limitations, the online restore method includes the following capabilities:

  • Selective restoration of objects without putting Active Directory offline, and without restoring the entire Active Directory database.
  • Selective restoration of attribute values in directory objects; this allows you to specify exactly what object data should be restored.
  • Selective restoration of child objects by object type. This allows you, for example, to restore only those users in a certain container and leave other child objects intact.
  • Unattended restoration of linked attributes, such as the Member Of attribute. For example, when you undelete a user with online restore, the user’s group memberships are also restored.
  • Comparison of a backup with Active Directory, or with another backup, to facilitate Active Directory change tracking and troubleshooting: this allows you to select precisely the objects that should be restored.
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