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Recovery Manager for AD 10.0.1 - User Guide

Overview Getting started
Permissions required to use Recovery Manager for Active Directory Recovery Manager Console Icons in the user interface Getting and using help Configuring Windows Firewall Using Computer Collections Managing Recovery Manager for Active Directory configuration Licensing
Backing up data
Permissions required for the Backup operation Managing Backup Agent Using a least-privileged user account to back up data Creating backups Retrying backup creation Enabling backup encryption Backing up AD LDS (ADAM) Backing up cross-domain group membership Backing up distributed file system (DFS) data Backup scheduling Setting performance options Setting advanced backup options Unpacking backups Using e-mail notification Viewing backup creation results
Restoring data
Getting started with Active Directory recovery Managing deleted or recycled objects Restoring backed up System State components Using granular online restore Restoring AD LDS (ADAM) Selectively restoring Active Directory object attributes Restoring objects in an application directory partition Restoring object quotas Restoring cross-domain group membership Performing a restore without having administrator privileges Reports about objects and operations Using complete offline restore Offline restore implications Restoring SYSVOL authoritatively Performing a granular restore of SYSVOL Recovering Group Policy Restoring data from third-party backups Using the Extract Wizard Restoring passwords and SID history
Fault tolerance Consolidating backup registration data Monitoring Recovery Manager for Active Directory Using Management Shell Collecting diagnostic data for technical support Using Recovery Manager for Active Directory Web Interface Appendices
Frequently asked questions Backup Wizard Online Restore Wizard Online Restore Wizard for AD LDS (ADAM) Group Policy Restore Wizard Repair Wizard Extract Wizard Events generated by Recovery Manager for Active Directory

Using a least-privileged user account to back up data

You can configure Recovery Manager for Active Directory to back up data in an Active Directory domain under a least-privileged user account. A least-privileged user account is an account that has no other permissions except for those required to back up data with Recovery Manager for Active Directory.

Using a least-privileged account to back up Active Directory offers greater protection from unwanted changes to your Active Directory environment, security attacks, or unsolicited access to sensitive documents or settings.

To run backup operations under a least-privileged user account, in the domain you want to back up, create an Active Directory group named RMAD Backup Operators. Add the least-privileged user account you want to that group, and then preinstall the Backup Agent in the domain. As a result, members of the RMAD Backup Operators group are automatically granted the necessary permissions to back up data in the domain with Recovery Manager for Active Directory.

To use a least-privileged user account for backup operations

  1. In the Active Directory domain you want to back up, create a new Active Directory group with the following name:

RMAD Backup Operators

  1. To the RMAD Backup Operators group, add the least-privileged user account under which you want to back up the domain.
  2. On the domain controllers you want to back up, preinstall the Backup Agent version supplied with this release of Recovery Manager for Active Directory.

Make sure you first create the RMAD Backup Operators group, and then install the Backup Agent in the domain. During its installation, the agent locates that group and saves the group SID in the registry. Then the Backup Agent uses this group SID to check that the user account is a member of the RMAD Backup Operators group.

If the Backup Agent supplied with this release is already preinstalled, you can repair the agent’s installation so that the agent could locate the RMAD Backup Operators group.

  1. Add the domain controllers on which you preinstalled the Backup Agent to a new Computer Collection.
  2. In the Computer Collection properties, on the Agent Settings tab, do the following:
  • Specify to access the Backup Agent with the least-privileged account you have added to the RMAD Backup Operators group.
  • Select the check box to use preinstalled Backup Agent.

For more information, see Agent Settings tab subsection in Properties for an existing Computer Collection.

  1. Back up the Computer Collection.

Creating backups

NOTE: If you are going to store backups on the Recovery Manager Console machine, check that the Administrative Share "DriveLetter$" exists and is accessible on this host. Otherwise, the restore operation will fail. For more information, see Installing Backup Agent automatically.

You can use Computer Collections to create backups for multiple computers. For more information, see Using Computer Collections. You can specify what components of the System State are to be backed up. It is recommended to back up all System State components. For more information, see Selecting components to back up.

To create backups of all computers in a Computer Collection

  1. In the console tree, select a Computer Collection, and then click Create Backup on the Action menu.
  2. If prompted, confirm the operation.

You can also use the Backup Wizard to start a backup job:

  1. In the console tree, click the root node, and then click Create Backup on the Action menu.
  2. Follow the instructions in the Backup Wizard.
  3. On the When to Back Up page click Now, and then click Next.
  4. Click Advanced to view backup options. You can modify the options as needed. When finished, click OK to close the Properties dialog box.
  5. Click Finish to start the backup job.

Note: By default, the wizard uses the default settings. You can view and modify the default settings using the Collection Defaults command that appears on the Action menu when you select the Computer Collections node in the console tree.

With the Backup Wizard, backup jobs can be scheduled to run at a specific time. For more information, see Scheduling backup creation subsection of Task scheduler overview and Using the Backup Wizard subsection in Selecting components to back up.

While a backup job is running, you can examine the progress of the operation and, if needed, stop the backup job. After a backup job is completed, you can view backup creation results:

  1. In the console tree, click Sessions.
  2. In the details pane, click the backup-creation session, and then click Properties on the Action menu.
  3. In the Properties dialog box, click the Progress tab, and examine the displayed information.
  4. By clicking Abort on the Progress tab, you can stop the selected session.

Usage of backup access credentials

Recovery Manager for Active Directory uses the same credentials to access backup files on the remote share and to connect to Backup Agent. These credentials are specified on the Agent Settings tab of the collection properties (option "Use the following account to access Backup Agent").

If you need to specify a separate account to access the backup storage, use the option Use the following account to access the backup storage on the DC Storage tab.

When no credentials are specified in the collection properties, the Recovery Manager Console uses the account under which it is running to access the backup storage and Backup Agent.

To specify separate credentials to access the remote backup location and Backup Agent

  1. Create a computer collection in Recovery Manager for Active Directory Console.
  2. Right-click the computer collection, and then click Properties to open the Computer Collection Properties dialog box.
  3. On the Agent Settings tab, select the option Use the following account to access Backup Agent and specify account credentials.


  4. On the DC Storage tab, select the option Save backups on the DC being backed up or a UNC share and enter the backup path. You need to specify path to the remote share in the following format (%DATETIME% variable is required ): \\<share name>\<backup folder>\%COMPUTERNAME%\%DATETIME%.
  5. To specify a separate account for the backup storage, select .the option Use the following account to access the backup storage and specify account credentials.

Selecting components to back up

When creating a backup, Recovery Manager for Active Directory queries its configuration settings about what components of the System State to be backed up. You specify configuration settings in the Defaults dialog box for the Computer Collections node or a Computer Collection (Computer Collection properties). You can also view and modify the settings being used by the Backup Wizard.

To select components to back up

  1. Do one of the following:
    • Right-click the Computer Collections node, and then click Collection Defaults.
    • Right-click the Computer Collection node, and then click Properties.
    • Click Advanced on the Completing the Backup Wizard page.
  1. In the Properties dialog box, click the Components tab.
  2. Under Back up the following components, select the check boxes next to the components you want to back up.

Default settings are also used for newly created Computer Collections. By changing the properties of a Computer Collection, you define the settings specific to that collection. Different Computer Collections may have differing settings. The Backup Wizard uses default settings when creating a new Computer Collection unless other settings are specified using the Advanced button on the Completing the Backup Wizard page.

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