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Recovery Manager for AD Forest Edition 10.0.1 - User Guide

Overview Backing up data
Permissions required for the Backup operation Managing Backup Agent Using a least-privileged user account to back up data Creating backups Retrying backup creation Enabling backup encryption Backing up AD LDS (ADAM) Backing up cross-domain group membership Backing up distributed file system (DFS) data Backup scheduling Setting performance options Setting advanced backup options Using Forest Recovery Agent Unpacking backups Using e-mail notification Viewing backup creation results Getting started
Permissions required to use Recovery Manager for Active Directory Recovery Manager Console Icons in the user interface Getting and using help Configuring Windows Firewall Using Computer Collections Managing Recovery Manager for Active Directory configuration Licensing
Restoring data
Getting started with Active Directory recovery Managing deleted or recycled objects Restoring backed up System State components Using granular online restore Restoring AD LDS (ADAM) Selectively restoring Active Directory object attributes Restoring objects in an application directory partition Restoring object quotas Restoring cross-domain group membership Performing a restore without having administrator privileges Reports about objects and operations Using complete offline restore Offline restore implications Restoring SYSVOL authoritatively Performing a granular restore of SYSVOL Recovering Group Policy Restoring data from third-party backups Using the Extract Wizard Restoring passwords and SID history
Fault tolerance Consolidating backup registration data Monitoring Recovery Manager for Active Directory Recovering an Active Directory forest
Permissions required to use Forest Recovery Console Forest Recovery Console Managing a recovery project Install Active Directory from Media recovery method Install Active Directory recovery method Managing Forest Recovery Agent Rebooting domain controllers manually Specifying fallback IP addresses to access a domain controller Resetting DSRM Administrator Password Purging Kerberos Tickets Managing the Global Catalog servers Managing FSMO roles Manage DNS Client Settings Configuring Windows Firewall Forest recovery overview Selectively recovering domains in a forest Recovering SYSVOL Deleting domains during recovery Resuming an interrupted forest recovery Recovering read-only domain controllers (RODCs) Checking forest health Collecting diagnostic data for technical support
Using Management Shell Creating virtual test environments Using Recovery Manager for Active Directory web interface Appendices
Frequently asked questions Best practices for creating backups for forest recovery Best practices for recovering a forest Descriptions of recovery or verification steps Backup Wizard Online Restore Wizard Online Restore Wizard for AD LDS (ADAM) Group Policy Restore Wizard Repair Wizard Extract Wizard Events generated by Recovery Manager for Active Directory

Recycling deleted objects

In the Active Directory forest where Microsoft’s Active Directory Recycle Bin is enabled, you can use Recovery Manager for Active Directory to override the applicable deleted object lifetime setting and manually change the state of a deleted object from “deleted” to “recycled”. For more information about the “recycled” state, see Managing deleted or recycled objects.

To manually recycle deleted objects

  1. On the Recovery Manager for Active Directory computer, start the Recovery Manager Console, then expand the appropriate console tree node nodes to locate the Deleted Objects container in the domain where you want to recycle deleted objects.
  1. If necessary, browse to select the subcontainer that includes the deleted objects you want to recycle.
  2. In the right pane, select the deleted objects you want to recycle. To select multiple objects, hold down CTRL, and click the objects you want to select.

To locate specific deleted objects, you can:

Table 10: Locating deleted objects

Task Your action
Sort deleted objects Click the heading of the right pane column by which you want to sort the objects. For example, you can click the heading of the Name column to sort the objects by their names.
Group deleted objects Point to the heading of the right pane column by which you want to group the objects, then click the down arrow button, and click Group. To ungroup the objects, repeat these actions.
Filter deleted objects Point to the heading of the right pane column by which you want to filter the objects, then click the down arrow button, and specify the filter criteria.
Limit the number of displayed deleted objects Select the Deleted Objects node in the console tree, then, from the main menu, select Action | Set View Options, and specify how many recently deleted objects you want to view.
View deleted objects in a hierarchy Select the Deleted Objects node in the console tree, then, from the main menu, select Acton | View as Hierarchy.
View deleted objects in a flat list Select the Deleted Objects node in the console tree, then, from the main menu, select Action | View as Flat List.
  1. From the main menu, select Action | Recycle Deleted Objects.

You can also recycle deleted objects by using cmdlets supplied with the Recovery Manager for Active Directory Management Shell.

Recovering recycled objects

With Recovery Manager for Active Directory you can only recover recycled objects by restoring them from a backup created with Recovery Manager for Active Directory. Therefore, make sure that you have at least one backup that includes the recycled objects you want to recover.

NOTE: Recycled objects can be restored only using the agent-based restore method. This means that the backup that is used to restore recycled objects is created from the target domain controller. For more details, see Agent-based method.

To recover recycled objects

  1. On the Recovery Manager for Active Directory computer, start the Recovery Manager Console, then expand the appropriate console tree node nodes to select the Deleted Objects container in the domain where you want to view a list of recycled objects.
  1. From the main menu, select Action | View as Flat List.
  2. Filter the objects by the recycled state:
  1. In the right pane, point to the heading of the Object State column, and then click the down arrow.
  2. Select the Recycled check box and clear the Deleted check box.
  1. In the right pane, select the recycled objects you want to recover. To select multiple objects, hold down CTRL, and click the objects you want to select.
  2. From the main menu, select Action | Recover Deleted Objects.
  3. Follow the steps in the wizard to restore the selected recycled objects from a backup created with Recovery Manager for Active Directory.

Restoring backed up System State components

Recovery Manager for Active Directory enables the backup and restoration of the following System State components on Active Directory domain controllers:

  • Active Directory, including DIT Database and SYSVOL
  • Registry, including all registry hives and the file NTUSER.DAT
  • Certificate Services Database
  • COM+ Class Registration Database
  • Performance Counters
  • Cluster Quorum

To restore backed up System State components

  1. Start the Repair Wizard and follow the instructions in the wizard.
  2. On the Computer and Backup Selection page, double-click the computer whose backup you want to use, and then double-click the backup you want to use. Select the check box next to System State and then click Next.
  1. Follow the wizard to walk through the restore process.

To ensure the selected backup contains all System State components needed for the restore, browse the System State branch on the Computer and Backup Selection page.

With the Repair Wizard, you can restore data from System State backups created by applications that store backups in Microsoft Tape Format (MTF), such as Windows Backup or Veritas Backup Exec. To use a backup, on the Computer and Backup Selection page, click Register, and then click Register Backup File. The wizard catalogs the backup and adds a new entry to the list of backups.

Snapshot backups are not supported by the Repair Wizard. However, you can restore Active Directory data from such backups using the Online Restore Wizard and Group Policy Restore Wizard. The Extract Wizard also supports snapshot backups.

Restoring cluster information

When restoring the Cluster Quorum component on a cluster node, Recovery Manager for Active Directory leaves the quorum data in a folder on the node's disk, but does not restore it to the quorum disk at that time. Restoring the quorum disk requires that the cluster be stopped and restarted, which may not be necessary or desirable.

The process of restoring a single node of a cluster is straightforward: you must restore all the System State components, including Cluster Quorum, to the node, and then restart the node. This causes the node to rejoin the cluster and restores it to operation.

To restore the quorum disk, following the node restore, use the Cluster Quorum Restore tool (Clusrest.exe) provided by Microsoft.

To restore a cluster node using Recovery Manager for Active Directory

  1. Start the Repair Wizard (select the console tree node, then select Action | Repair Wizard from the main menu). Follow the instructions in the Repair Wizard.
  2. On the Computer and Backup Selection page, select the cluster node and a backup of that node. The backup must include the Cluster Quorum component.
  3. Click Next and follow the instructions in the wizard to complete the restore.
  4. Restart the node.

When restoring a cluster node, you must use a backup taken from that particular node. Therefore, it is important that you select a backup of the node you are restoring. We recommend creating backups of cluster physical nodes (computers) rather than a cluster itself (cluster virtual node). Otherwise, it will be difficult to identify the physical node from which the backup was taken.

To restore the quorum disk with the Clusrest tool

  1. Use Recovery Manager for Active Directory to restore any node of the cluster. This deposits the quorum data on the node's disk drive. The quorum data must be placed on the disk before running the Clusrest tool.
  2. On the restored node, at the command prompt, enter the following command:

clusrest

This causes the quorum disk to be restored to the state of the backup.

  1. Start the Clussvc service on each of the cluster nodes. This is required because Clusrest stops the Clussvc service.

If the quorum data to be restored to the quorum disk is not found, the Clusrest tool reports FILE NOT FOUND.

The restore of a cluster node must be performed prior to running the Clusrest tool. During the restore of a node, the quorum data is placed on the node's disk in the %windir%\cluster\cluster_backup folder.

If the restored system is not part of a cluster or the quorum disk is not available, not formatted, or broken, the Clusrest tool reports ERROR_SERVICE_DOES_NOT_EXIST.

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