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Recovery Manager for AD Disaster Recovery Edition 10.0.1 - User Guide

Overview Backing up data
Permissions required for the Backup operation Managing Backup Agent Using a least-privileged user account to back up data Creating backups Retrying backup creation Enabling backup encryption Backing up AD LDS (ADAM) Backing up cross-domain group membership Backing up distributed file system (DFS) data Backup scheduling Setting performance options Setting advanced backup options Using Forest Recovery Agent Unpacking backups Using e-mail notification Viewing backup creation results Getting started
Permissions required to use Recovery Manager for Active Directory Recovery Manager Console Icons in the user interface Getting and using help Configuring Windows Firewall Using Computer Collections Managing Recovery Manager for Active Directory configuration Licensing
Restoring data
Getting started with Active Directory recovery Managing deleted or recycled objects Restoring backed up System State components Using granular online restore Restoring AD LDS (ADAM) Selectively restoring Active Directory object attributes Restoring objects in an application directory partition Restoring object quotas Restoring cross-domain group membership Performing a restore without having administrator privileges Reports about objects and operations Using complete offline restore Offline restore implications Restoring SYSVOL authoritatively Performing a granular restore of SYSVOL Recovering Group Policy Restoring data from third-party backups Using the Extract Wizard Restoring passwords and SID history
Fault tolerance Consolidating backup registration data Monitoring Recovery Manager for Active Directory Recovering an Active Directory forest
Permissions required to use Forest Recovery Console Forest Recovery Console Managing a recovery project Install Active Directory from Media recovery method Install Active Directory recovery method Managing Forest Recovery Agent Rebooting domain controllers manually Specifying fallback IP addresses to access a domain controller Resetting DSRM Administrator Password Purging Kerberos Tickets Managing the Global Catalog servers Managing FSMO roles Manage DNS Client Settings Configuring Windows Firewall Forest recovery overview Selectively recovering domains in a forest Recovering SYSVOL Deleting domains during recovery Resuming an interrupted forest recovery Recovering read-only domain controllers (RODCs) Checking forest health Collecting diagnostic data for technical support
Bare metal forest recovery Using Management Shell Creating virtual test environments Using Recovery Manager for Active Directory web interface Appendices
Frequently asked questions Best practices for creating backups for forest recovery Best practices for recovering a forest Descriptions of recovery or verification steps Backup Wizard Online Restore Wizard Online Restore Wizard for AD LDS (ADAM) Group Policy Restore Wizard Repair Wizard Extract Wizard Events generated by Recovery Manager for Active Directory

Comparison reports

Recovery Manager for Active Directory Disaster Recovery Edition provides comparison reports to assist with isolating deletion or changes to Active Directory or AD LDS (ADAM), and troubleshooting the resulting problems. These reports are based on per-attribute comparisons of Active Directory, AD LDS (ADAM), or Group Policy objects selected from a backup, with their counterparts in Active Directory, AD LDS (ADAM), or another backup.

By comparing the state of the directory objects or Group Policy objects in Active Directory with those in a backup, comparison reports improve the efficiency of recovering objects, by allowing you to specify precisely which objects should be restored.

By showing the changes that would be made to Active Directory or AD LDS (ADAM) during a restore operation, comparison reports help to highlight possible side effects that could result from restoring data. If such side effects are indicated in the report, you may then reconsider whether to apply the changes to the “live” directory data.

Comparison reports may also be used to monitor changes that occurred in Active Directory or AD LDS (ADAM) since the backup was created, or within the period between two backups. Comparison reports assist with troubleshooting Active Directory, and resolving problems that may result from the deletion of critical objects in Active Directory. The reports also help you monitor changes made to Active Directory or AD LDS (ADAM) by third party applications.

The ability to compare the current state of objects in Active Directory or AD LDS (ADAM) with their state in a backup helps when troubleshooting problems that may result from the deletion or modification of a user account or an Organizational Unit, or modification of more critical objects. Comparison reports show whether critical objects were deleted or modified since a backup was made.

The deletion of critical objects such as a domain controller’s computer account or the "NTDS Settings" object is one of the most common causes of Active Directory problems.

Other critical, equally sensitive objects include all objects in the System container, such as FRS subscription objects, trusted domain objects (TDO), and DNS objects. By comparing the current state of objects in the System container with the state of the objects in a backup, it is possible to isolate problems that result from the absence or incorrect modification of critical objects.

Recovery Manager for Active Directory Disaster Recovery Edition serves as a valuable tool when implementing a change management process. The importance of testing changes to Active Directory is paramount, whether you are changing configurations, installing new software, or implementing service packs and patches. The product has the ability to report changes, and if necessary, roll back changes made to Active Directory. This improves the effectiveness of testing application deployment scenarios in a laboratory environment, and monitoring changes made to Active Directory by third-party applications.

Backing up data

Permissions required for the Backup operation

The table below lists the minimum user account permissions required to perform the Backup operation

Table 1: Minimum permissions required for the Backup operation

Task

Minimum permissions

Details

Backing up the AD data using the preinstalled Backup Agent

Membership in the RMAD Backup Operators group

-OR-

Builtin\Backup Operators domain local group

Create the RMAD Backup Operators group before the Backup Agent installation. For more details, refer Using a least-privileged user account to back up data.

If the Ensure Forest Recovery Agent is deployed check box is selected on the Agent Settings tab of the backup collection Properties, the account must be added to the Builtin\Administrators domain local group.

 

Backing up the AD data using the automatically installed Backup Agent

Membershiop in the Builtin\Administrators domain local group

 

This operation is always performed under the Recovery Manager Console account.
Installing the Backup Agent

Membership in the Builtin\Administrators domain local group

-OR-

Domain Admins group

 

Managing Backup Agent

Recovery Manager for Active Directory employs a Backup Agent to back up data on domain controllers and AD LDS (ADAM) hosts added to Computer Collections. For this reason, the Backup Agent must be installed on each computer where you plan to back up data by using Recovery Manager for Active Directory.

For each Computer Collection, you can specify whether you want to use only preinstalled instances of Backup Agent or want to automatically install Backup Agent when necessary. You can configure Recovery Manager for Active Directory in one of the following ways:

  • Use preinstalled Backup Agent only. When configured this way, Recovery Manager for Active Directory will only use the Backup Agent you manually preinstalled on the computers in the Computer Collection.
  • Use preinstalled Backup Agent and automatically install the agent when necessary. With this method, Recovery Manager for Active Directory will use preinstalled Backup Agent if it is present on the target computer. If the Backup Agent is missing, Recovery Manager for Active Directory will automatically install it before backing up data on the target computer, and then will automatically remove the automatically installed agent upon the backup operation completion.

You can specify one of these methods in the Computer Collection properties. For more information, see Agent Settings tab subsection in Properties for an existing Computer Collection.

In this section:

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