LiteSpeed for SQL Server 8.6 - User Guide

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xp_restore_headeronly

xp_restore_headeronly

Retrieves the backup header information for all LiteSpeed backups. The header information is sent as a row by the server for each backup on a given backup device in a table.

Tip: To retrieve information from TSM backups, also use xp_view_tsmcontents.

This topic covers:

Syntax

xp_restore_headeronly (Disk)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_headeronly
[@filename = 'backup_file_name'] [,...n]
[, @filenumber = n]
[, @headerdetails = 'option']
[, @attachedfiles = 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 ]

xp_restore_headeronly (Tape)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_headeronly
@filename = 'tape_device_name'
[, @filenumber = n]
[, @headerdetails = 'option']
[, @attachedfiles = 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 ]

xp_restore_headeronly (TSM)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_headeronly
@tsmobject = 'TSM_object'
, @tsmconfigfile = 'TSM_configuration_file'
[, @tsmclientnode = 'clientnode_name'] 
[, @tsmclientownerpwd = '****'] 
[, @tsmarchive = 0 | 1 ]
[, @tsmpointintime = 'date_time']
[, @attachedfiles = 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 ]
[, @headerdetails = 'option']

xp_restore_headeronly (Amazon S3)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_headeronly
@CloudVendor = N'AmazonS3'
, @FileName = N'AA_3_1.bak'
[, @CloudBucketName = N'aabucket7']
[, @CloudAccessKey = N'***']
[, @CloudSecretKey = ***']
[, @CloudRegionName = N'us-west-2']
[, @ProxyHost = N'proxy.sitelocal']
[, @ProxyPort = 8080]
[, @ProxyLogin = N'DOMAIN\xyz-tst-MYTester']
[, @ProxyPassword = N'***']

xp_restore_headeronly (Microsoft Azure)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_headeronly

@filename = N'test\test.bak',

@CloudVendor = N'AzureBlob',

@CloudAccessKeyEnc = N'*******',

@CloudSecretKeyEnc = N'******',

@CloudBucketName = N'test',

@UseSSL = 1,

@logging = 0

Arguments

Tips:

  • To see the list of accepted arguments and data types for arguments, execute the following:
    exec master.dbo.<procedure_name> show_help

  • To convert the script for use with the command-line utilities, execute the following:
    exec master.dbo.<procedure_name> show_cmd, <xp_arguments>

@attachedfiles

Lists files attached to a backup. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Backup header information only
  • 1—Attached files only
  • 2—Backup header information and a list of attached files
  • 3—Attached directories and individual files outside of those directories

@AWSAccessKey

The @AWSAccessKey argument specifies the name of the unique Amazon Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user.

Important: This @AWSAccessKey argument is replaced by @CloudAccessKey. The @AWSAccessKey argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSAccessKeyEnc

The @AWSAccessKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted unique Amazon Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user.

Important: This @AWSAccessKeyEnc argument is replaced by @CloudAccessKeyEnc. The @AWSAccessKeyEnc argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSBucketName

The @AWSBucketName argument specifies the name of the container for AWS objects. Bucket names must be at least 3 and no more than 63 characters long.

Important: This @AWSBucketName argument is replaced by @CloudBucketName. The @AWSBucketName argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSRegionName

The @AWSRegionName argument specifies the name of the Amazon Web Service region to use for a bucket. Example values are but not limited to: us-east-1, us-west-2, us-west-1, eu-west-1, ap-southeast-1, ap-southeast-2, ap-northeast-1, and sa-east-1.

Important: This @AWSRegionName argument is replaced by @CloudRegionName. The @AWSRegionName argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSSecretKey

The @AWSSecretKey argument specifies the name of the Amazon Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get an AWS account.

Important: This @AWSSecretKey argument is replaced by @CloudSecretKey. The @AWSSecretKey argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSSecretKeyEnc

The @AWSSecretKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted Amazon Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get an AWS account.

Important: This @AWSSecretKeyEnc argument is replaced by @CloudSecretKeyEnc. The @AWSSecretKeyEnc is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSUseGovCloud

The @AWSUseGovCloud argument enables a special restricted region for the US Government use in Amazon S3. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Do not use government cloud
  • 1—Use government cloud

Important: This @AWSUseGovCloud argument is replaced by @CloudGovRegion. The @AWSUseGovCloud argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSUseReducedRedundancy

The @AWSUseReducedRedundancy argument specifies the use of reduced redundancy storage in Amazon S3. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Do not use reduced redundancy storage
  • 1—Use reduced redundancy storage

Note: This @AWSUseReducedRedundancy argument is replaced with the @AWSStorageClass = 'rrs' argument.

@AWSUseServerSideEncryption

The @AWSUseServerSideEncryption argument enables the encryption of data stored at rest in Amazon S3. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Do not use Server Side Encryption
  • 1—Use Server Side Encryption

@CloudAccessKey

The @CloudAccessKey argument specifies the name of the unique Cloud Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user. The selections include Amazon Access Key or Azure Account Name.

@CloudAccessKeyEnc

The @CloudAccessKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted unique Cloud Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user.

@CloudBucketName

The @CloudBucketName argument specifies the name of the container for cloud objects. Bucket names must be at least 3 and no more than 63 characters long. The selections are Amazon Bucket Name or Azure Container Name.

@CloudGovRegion

The @CloudGovRegion argument enables a special restricted region for the US Government use in Amazon S3 and Azure Clouds. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Do not use government cloud (default)
  • 1—Use government cloud

@CloudRegionName

The @CloudRegionName argument specifies the name of the Cloud Web Service region to use for a bucket. Example values are but not limited to: us-east-1, us-east-2, us-west-1, us-west-2, ca-central-1, eu-central-1, eu-west-1, eu-west-2, ap-south-1, ap-southeast-1, ap-southeast-2, ap-northeast-1, ap-northeast-2, and sa-east-1.

@CloudSecretKey

The @CloudSecretKey argument specifies the name of the Cloud Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get a Cloud account. The selections are Amazon Secret Key or Azure Access Key.

@CloudSecretKeyEnc

The @CloudSecretKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted Cloud Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get a Cloud account.

@CloudVendor

The @CloudVendor argument specifies the name of the cloud service provider. The argument accepts one of the following values: "AmazonS3" or "AzureBlob."

@filename

Specifies a backup location (e.g. C:\backups\AdventureWorks.bak). This argument accepts network destinations. You can supply multiple instances of this argument to use stripe backups.

@filenumber

Disk restores:

Specifies the particular backup to use when recasting, restoring, extracting or reading from files with multiple appended backups. You can run xp_restore_headeronly to query the files contained within the backup set given by backup_file_name.

Tape restores:

Identifies the backup set to be restored. For example, a file number of 1 indicates the first backup set on the backup medium, and a file number of 2 indicates the second backup set.

@HeaderDetails

This argument accepts one of the following values:
  • backup—Retrieves the backup header information.
  • attachedfiles—Lists files attached to a backup.
  • attachedfileparams—Lists attached directories and individual files outside of those directories.
  • all—Retrieves all the backup header information.

@JobP

Specifies an encrypted key. (Similar to @EncryptionKey).

You can use xp_encrypt_backup_key to convert the password (encryption_key) for use with @jobp. The original password (or encrypted key generated by xp_encrypt_restore_key) must be used to restore a backup.

@Logging

Writes a log file for the operation. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Logging off.

  • 1 or any odd value—Logging on. Log file is removed on success.

  • 2 or any even value—Logging on.

The default output directory is C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Quest Software\LiteSpeed\SQL Server\Logs (or C:\ProgramData\Quest Software\LiteSpeed\SQL Server\Logs) (or C:\ProgramData\Quest Software\LiteSpeed\SQL Server\Logs). To log to a different directory add @Trace='logpath=path'.

See Configure Logging in LiteSpeed for information about LiteSpeed logging.

@ProxyHost

The @ProxyHost argument is optional and specifies the name of the proxy host name that is running the proxy server.

note: If the @ProxyHost argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyLogin

The @ProxyLogin argument is optional and specifies the proxy server login credential.

note: If not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyPassword

The @ProxyPassword argument is optional and specifies the proxy server password credential.

note: If the @ProxyPassword argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyPasswordEnc

The @ProxyPasswordEnc argument is optional and specifies the encrypted proxy server password credential.

note: If the @ProxyPasswordEnc argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyPort

The @ProxyPort argument is optional and contains the port number of the proxy server. The TCP/IP port values can be 1-65535.

note: If the @ProxyPort argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@tsmarchive

Specifies to store the backup as a TSM archive. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—False (default)
  • 1—True

@tsmconfigfile

Specifies the TSM configuration file.

@tsmclientnode

Specifies the TSM server LiteSpeed connects to during backups and restores. Not required, if specified in the options file or if backing up with the Passwordaccess Generate option.

@tsmclientownerpwd

Specifies the TSM client owner user password. Not required, if specified in the options file or if backing up with the Passwordaccess Generate option.

@tsmobject

Defines the TSM filespace, high level and low level. This argument accepts the following format:

tsm_filespace\tsm_high_level\tsm_low_level

where:

  • tsm_filespace is the logical space on the TSM server that contains a group of files. It can be the drive label name or UNC name.

  • tsm_high_level specifies the directory path in which the file belongs.

  • tsm_low_level specifies actual name of the file.

NOTE: You may only store one item the location specified by this argument. It is not possible to append an object to this location. You can use the -I command-line argument or @init to back up to a non-unique location.

@tsmpointintime

Specifies the date for restore/to filter results. If it is not passed, LiteSpeed will choose the most recent archived backup. The format is yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss.

NOTE: If the backup was a striped backup and the point-in-times of the various striped files are different (rare but can be different a second or so), then the most recent of the times must be chosen.

@Unload

Applies to tape backups and restores. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Keep tape loaded (default)

  • 1—Unload and eject tape from the drive after operation

@UseSSL

The @UseSSL argument specifies that the connection uses SSL security. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Do not use SSL
  • 1—Use SSL (default)

Examples

  1. Display backup set information and attached files:

    exec master.dbo.xp_restore_headeronly
    @filename = N'C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Backup\FASTCOMP_full2.bak'
    , @attachedfiles = 2

  2. List files attached to a tsm backup:

    exec master.dbo.xp_restore_headeronly
    @tsmclientnode = N'10.1.26.177',
    @tsmclientownerpwd = N'Quest2013',
    @tsmconfigfile = N'D:\dsm.opt'
    , @tsmobject = N'test\test\model'
    , @attachedfiles = 1

  3. Restore headers from an AmazonS3 Cloud backup:

    exec master.dbo.xp_restore_headeronly
    @CloudVendor = N'AmazonS3'
    , @FileName = N'AA_3_1.bak'
    , @CloudBucketName = N'aabucket7'
    , @CloudAccessKey = N'***' -- my key
    , @CloudSecretKey = ***' -- my key
    , @CloudRegionName = N'us-west-2' -- us-east-1, us-west-2, us-west-1, eu-west-1, ap-southeast-1, ap-southeast-2, ap-northeast-1, sa-east-1
    (this is an optional parameter. Region for selected @CloudBucketName will be used.)
    , @ProxyHost = N'proxy.sitelocal'
    , @ProxyPort = 8080
    , @ProxyLogin = N'DOMAIN\xyz-tst-MYTester'
    , @ProxyPassword = N'***'

Results

xp_restore_headeronly displays the following information:

Column Name

Data Type

Description

FileNumber

Int

Number of the Backup within the LiteSpeed backup device.

BackupFormat

nvarchar(128)

Reserved field. Returns 1.

Guid

Uniqueidentifier

Backup Guid, uniquely identifies LiteSpeed backup sets.

BackupName

nvarchar(128)

Backup set name.

BackupDescription

nvarchar(128)

Backup set description.

BackupType

nvarchar(128)

Backup type:

  • 1—Database

  • 2—Transaction Log

  • 4—File

  • 5—Differential Database

  • 6—Differential File

  • 7—Partial
  • 8—Partial Differential

ExpirationDate

Datetime

Expiration date for the backup set.

Compressed

Tinyint

0—No compression.
1—Compressed

Position

Smallint

Position of the backup set in the volume (for use with the FILE = option).

DeviceType

Tinyint

Virtual Device
 > 7—Logical
 107—Physical

UserName

nvarchar(128)

Username that performed the backup operation.

ServerName

nvarchar(128)

Name of the server that wrote the backup set.

DatabaseName

nvarchar(128)

Name of the database that was backed up.

DatabaseVersion

int

Version of the database from which the backup was created.

DatabaseCreationDate

datetime

Date and time the database was created.

BackupSize

numeric (20,0)

Size of the backup, in bytes.

FirstLSN

numeric (25,0)

Log sequence number of the first transaction in the backup set. NULL for file backups.

LastLSN

numeric (25,0)

Log sequence number of the last transaction in the backup set. NULL for file backups.

CheckpointLSN

numeric (25,0)

Log sequence number of the most recent checkpoint at the time the backup was created.

DifferentialBaseLSN

numeric (25,0)

Log sequence number of the most recent full database backup.

BackupStartDate

datetime

Date and time that the backup operation began.

BackupFinishDate

datetime

Date and time that the backup operation finished.

SortOrder

Smallint

Server sort order. This column is valid for database backups only. Provided for backward compatibility.

CodePage

Smallint

Server code page or character set used by the server.

CompatibilityLevel

Tinyint

Compatibility level setting of the database from which the backup was created.

SoftwareVendorId

Int

Software vendor identification number. For SQL Server, this number is 4608 (or hexadecimal 0x1200).

SoftwareVersionMajor

Int

Major version number of the server that created the backup set.

SoftwareVersionMinor

Int

Minor version number of the server that created the backup set.

SoftwareVersionBuild

Int

Build number of the server that created the backup set.

MachineName

nvarchar(128)

Name of the server that wrote the backup set.

BindingID

Uniqueidentifier

Binding ID for the database.

RecoveryForkID

Uniqueidentifier

ID for the current recovery fork for this backup.

Encryption

Int

Indicates if backup is encrypted

  • 0—not encrypted
  • 1—encrypted
IsCopyOnly nvarchar(128)

Indicates if the backup is a copy-only backup.

Returns

0 (success) or non-zero (failure). Return codes represent the native error number returned from SQL Server for any errors encountered during the operation.

To capture the output message, run the following:

declare @rmsg varchar(999)
exec master..<procedure_name> <arguments>, @resultmsg=@rmsg output
select @rmsg

To capture the output message and the result code, run the following:

declare @rc int
declare @rmsg varchar(999)
exec master..<procedure_name> <arguments>, @resultmsg=@rmsg output, @resultcode=@rc output
select @rc, @rmsg

 

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xp_restore_setinfo

xp_restore_setinfo

Returns information about the stripe set to which the backup file belongs.

This topic covers:

Syntax

xp_restore_setinfo (Disk or Tape)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_setinfo
@filename = 'file_name'
[, @filenumber = n]

xp_restore_setinfo (TSM)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_setinfo
@tsmobject = 'TSM_object'
, @tsmconfigfile = 'TSM_configuration_file'
[, @tsmclientnode = 'clientnode_name']
[, @tsmclientownerpwd = '****']
[, @tsmarchive = 0 | 1 ]
[, @tsmpointintime = 'date_time'] 

xp_restore_setinfo (Amazon S3)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_setinfo

@filename = 'file name'

@CloudVendor = 'AmazonS3',

@CloudBucketName = 'bucket name',

@CloudAccessKeyEnc = 'accesskeyenc',

@CloudSercretKeyEnc = 'secretkeyenc'

xp_restore_setinfo (Microsoft Azure)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_setinfo

@filename = N'tst\test.bak',

@CloudVendor = N'AzureBlob',

@CloudBucketName = N'test',

@CloudAccessKeyEnc = N'******',

@CloudSecretKeyEnc = N'********'

Arguments

@AWSAccessKey

The @AWSAccessKey argument specifies the name of the unique Amazon Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user.

Important: This @AWSAccessKey argument is replaced by @CloudAccessKey. The @AWSAccessKey argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSAccessKeyEnc

The @AWSAccessKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted unique Amazon Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user.

Important: This @AWSAccessKeyEnc argument is replaced by @CloudAccessKeyEnc. The @AWSAccessKeyEnc argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSBucketName

The @AWSBucketName argument specifies the name of the container for AWS objects. Bucket names must be at least 3 and no more than 63 characters long.

Important: This @AWSBucketName argument is replaced by @CloudBucketName. The @AWSBucketName argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSRegionName

The @AWSRegionName argument specifies the name of the Amazon Web Service region to use for a bucket. Example values are but not limited to: us-east-1, us-west-2, us-west-1, eu-west-1, ap-southeast-1, ap-southeast-2, ap-northeast-1, and sa-east-1.

Important: This @AWSRegionName argument is replaced by @CloudRegionName. The @AWSRegionName argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSSecretKey

The @AWSSecretKey argument specifies the name of the Amazon Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get an AWS account.

Important: This @AWSSecretKey argument is replaced by @CloudSecretKey. The @AWSSecretKey argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSSecretKeyEnc

The @AWSSecretKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted Amazon Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get an AWS account.

Important: This @AWSSecretKeyEnc argument is replaced by @CloudSecretKeyEnc. The @AWSSecretKeyEnc is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@CloudAccessKey

The @CloudAccessKey argument specifies the name of the unique Cloud Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user. The selections include Amazon Access Key or Azure Account Name.

@CloudAccessKeyEnc

The @CloudAccessKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted unique Cloud Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user.

@CloudBucketName

The @CloudBucketName argument specifies the name of the container for cloud objects. Bucket names must be at least 3 and no more than 63 characters long. The selections are Amazon Bucket Name or Azure Container Name.

@CloudRegionName

The @CloudRegionName argument specifies the name of the Cloud Web Service region to use for a bucket. Example values are but not limited to: us-east-1, us-east-2, us-west-1, us-west-2, ca-central-1, eu-central-1, eu-west-1, eu-west-2, ap-south-1, ap-southeast-1, ap-southeast-2, ap-northeast-1, ap-northeast-2, and sa-east-1.

@CloudSecretKey

The @CloudSecretKey argument specifies the name of the Cloud Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get a Cloud account. The selections are Amazon Secret Key or Azure Access Key.

@CloudSecretKeyEnc

The @CloudSecretKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted Cloud Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get a Cloud account.

@CloudVendor

The @CloudVendor argument specifies the name of the cloud service provider. The argument accepts one of the following values: "AmazonS3" or "AzureBlob."

@filename

Specifies a backup location (e.g. C:\backups\AdventureWorks.bak). This argument accepts network destinations. You can supply multiple instances of this argument to use stripe backups.

@filenumber

Specifies the particular backup to use when recasting, restoring, extracting or reading from files with multiple appended backups. You can run xp_restore_headeronly to query the files contained within the backup set given by backup_file_name.

@logging

Writes a log file for the operation. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Logging off.

  • 1 or any odd value—Logging on. Log file is removed on success.

  • 2 or any even value—Logging on.

The default output directory is C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Quest Software\LiteSpeed\SQL Server\Logs (or C:\ProgramData\Quest Software\LiteSpeed\SQL Server\Logs) (or C:\ProgramData\Quest Software\LiteSpeed\SQL Server\Logs). To log to a different directory add @Trace='logpath=path'.

See Configure Logging in LiteSpeed for information about LiteSpeed logging.

@ProxyHost

The @ProxyHost argument is optional and specifies the name of the proxy host name that is running the proxy server.

note: If the @ProxyHost argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyLogin

The @ProxyLogin argument is optional and specifies the proxy server login credential.

note: If not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyPassword

The @ProxyPassword argument is optional and specifies the proxy server password credential.

note: If the @ProxyPassword argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyPasswordEnc

The @ProxyPasswordEnc argument is optional and specifies the encrypted proxy server password credential.

note: If the @ProxyPasswordEnc argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyPort

The @ProxyPort argument is optional and contains the port number of the proxy server. The TCP/IP port values can be 1-65535.

note: If the @ProxyPort argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@tsmarchive

Specifies to store the backup as a TSM archive. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—False (default)
  • 1—True

@tsmconfigfile

Specifies the TSM configuration file.

@tsmclientnode

Specifies the TSM server LiteSpeed connects to during backups and restores. Not required, if specified in the options file or if backing up with the Passwordaccess Generate option.

@tsmclientownerpwd

Specifies the TSM client owner user password. Not required, if specified in the options file or if backing up with the Passwordaccess Generate option.

@tsmobject

Defines the TSM filespace, high level and low level. This argument accepts the following format:

tsm_filespace\tsm_high_level\tsm_low_level

where:

  • tsm_filespace is the logical space on the TSM server that contains a group of files. It can be the drive label name or UNC name.

  • tsm_high_level specifies the directory path in which the file belongs.

  • tsm_low_level specifies actual name of the file.

NOTE: You may only store one item the location specified by this argument. It is not possible to append an object to this location. You can use the -I command-line argument or @init to back up to a non-unique location.

@tsmpointintime

Specifies the date for restore/to filter results. If it is not passed, LiteSpeed will choose the most recent archived backup. The format is yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss.

NOTE: If the backup was a striped backup and the point-in-times of the various striped files are different (rare but can be different a second or so), then the most recent of the times must be chosen.

@unload

Applies to tape backups and restores. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Keep tape loaded (default)

  • 1—Unload and eject tape from the drive after operation

Example

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_setinfo
@filename = 'C:\SQLServerBackups\CD3.bak'

Results

Column Name

Data Type

Description

FormatVersion

Int

Actual version of LiteSpeed binary format used to create the backup.

StripeGUID

Uniqueidentifier

Unique identifier of LiteSpeed stripe set.

StripeNumber

Int

Backup file number within the stripe set.

StripeCount

Int

Number of backup files in the stripe set.

Returns

0 (success) or non-zero (failure).

 

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xp_restore_log

xp_restore_log

Restores LiteSpeed transaction log backups taken using the xp_backup_log command. Files and filegroups may also be restored either from a file or filegroup LiteSpeed backup operation, or from a full database backup operation using xp_backup_log. When restoring files or filegroups, you must apply a transaction log using xp_restore_log. In addition, file differential backups can be restored after a full file restore using LiteSpeed.

NOTES:

  • A database cannot be restored unless the restore process has exclusive access to the database. No user connections can exist when performing a database restore.
  • You cannot restore filegroups to a point in time.

This topic covers:

Syntax

xp_restore_log (Disk)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_log

@database = 'database_name'

(, @filename = 'backup_file_name') [,...n]

[, ( @encryptionkey = 'encryption_key' | @jobp = 'encrypted_key' )]

[, @filenumber = n]

[, @with = 'additional_with_parameters'] [,...n]

[, @logging = 0 | 1 | 2 ]

[, @affinity = 0..2147483648]

[, @throttle = 1..100]

[, @ioflag = 'DISK_RETRY_COUNT=n']

[, @ioflag = 'DISK_RETRY_WAIT=n']

[, @buffercount = 'buffer_count']

[, @maxtransfersize = 'maximum_transfer_size']

[, @attachedfile = 'pathname'] [,..n]

[, @returndetails = 0 | 1 ]

[, @restoreasreadonly = 0 | 1]

[, @restoreascompressed = 0 | 1]

xp_restore_log (TSM)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_log

@database = 'database_name'

, @tsmobject = 'TSM_object' [,...n]

, @tsmconfigfile = 'TSM_configuration_file'

[, ( @encryptionkey = 'encryption_key' | @jobp = 'encrypted_key' )]

[, @filenumber = n]

[, @with = 'additional_with_parameters'] [,...n]

[, @logging = 0 | 1 | 2 ]

[, @affinity = 0..2147483648]

[, @throttle = 1..100]

[, @ioflag = 'DISK_RETRY_COUNT=n']

[, @ioflag = 'DISK_RETRY_WAIT=n']

[, @buffercount = 'buffer_count']

[, @maxtransfersize = 'maximum_transfer_size']

[, @attachedfile = 'pathname'] [,..n]

[, @tsmclientnode = 'TSM_client_node']

[, @tsmclientownerpwd = 'TSM_client_owner_password']

[, @tsmpointintime = 'date_time' ]

[, @returndetails = 0 | 1 ]

[, @restoreasreadonly = 0 | 1]

[, @restoreascompressed = 0 | 1]

xp_restore_log (Tape)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_log
@database = 'database_name'
, @filename = 'tape_device_name'
[, @rewind = 0 | 1 ]
[, @unload = 0 | 1 ]
[, @encryptionkey = 'encryption_key']
[, @filenumber = n]
[, @with = 'additional_with_parameters'] [,...n]
[, @logging = 0 | 1 | 2 ]
[, @affinity = 0..2147483648]
[, @throttle = 1..100]
[, @buffercount = 'buffer_count']
[, @maxtransfersize = 'maximum_transfer_size']
[, @attachedfile = 'pathname'] [,..n]
[, @returndetails = 0 | 1 ]

xp_restore_log (Amazon S3)

exec master.dbo.xp_restore_log @database = N'model' ,

@filename = N'test\tlogl.bak',

@filenumber = 1,

@CloudVendor = N'AmazonS3',

@CloudBucketName = N'california',

@CloudAccessKey = N'*******',

@CloudSecretKey = N'**********',

@UseSSL = 1,

@with = N'STATS = 10',

@with = N'RECOVERY',

@affinity = 0,

@logging = 0

xp_restore_log (Microsoft Azure)

exec master.dbo.xp_restore_log @database = N'newtest' ,

@filename = N'test\testlog.bak',

@filenumber = 1,

@CloudVendor = N'AzureBlob',

@CloudBucketName = N'test',

@CloudAccessKeyEnc = N'*****',

@CloudSecretKeyEnc = N'******',

@UseSSL = 1,

@with = N'STATS = 10',

@affinity = 0,@logging = 0

Arguments

Tips:

  • To see the list of accepted arguments and data types for arguments, execute the following:
    exec master.dbo.<procedure_name> show_help

  • To convert the script for use with the command-line utilities, execute the following:
    exec master.dbo.<procedure_name> show_cmd, <xp_arguments>

@affinity

Processor affinity designates specific processors to run LiteSpeed, while not allowing LiteSpeed to run on the remaining processors.

This argument accepts decimal values and hexadecimal values. If a value begins with "0x" it is interpreted as hexadecimal. A positive 64-bit integer value translates to a binary mask where a value of 1 designates the corresponding processor to be able to run the LiteSpeed process.

NOTE: 32-bit Windows is internally limited to a 32-bit mask.

For example, you need to select processors 2, 3, and 6 for use with LiteSpeed. Number the bits from the right to left. The rightmost bit represents the first processor. Set the second, third, and sixth bits to 1 and all other bits to 0. The result is binary 100110, which is decimal 38 or hexadecimal 0x26. Review the following for additional information:

Decimal Value

Binary Bit Mask

Allow LiteSpeed Threads on Processors

0 0 All (default)

1

1

1

3

11

1 and 2

7 111 1, 2 and 3

38

100110

2, 3, and 6

205 11001101 1, 3, 4, 7, and 8

Tip: Before you start tuning the CPU Throttle or Affinity parameters to adjust backup performance, try limiting the number of threads. If you decide to use an affinity value other than default, it is recommended that you limit the threading as well. You may also want to consider using Adaptive Compression to maintain backup performance. For more information, see Adaptive Compression.

@attachedfile

Specifies filepaths to include in both backup and restore operations. The filepath can be either a single file or a directory. If it is a directory, then LiteSpeed recursively includes all files and subdirectories. All attached files are encrypted and compressed, with all pertinent backup parameters supported. This feature works for disk, tape, TSM, and Double Click Restore as well. You can supply multiple instances of this argument.

When used within the context of a restore operation, the path parameter can be expanded to include a new destination. This form will take the syntax of <file_path> to <new_file_path>. The new filepath can be used to specify a new location but cannot rename a file.

This argument only restores the attached files. It does not restore the database, just the files that were attached to that backup.

NOTES:

  • The original entire directory path need not be supplied (e.g. c: to c:\testadSattsm is allowed).
  • c:\testad to testadr would restore all files in directory c:\testad to c:\testadr.

@AWSAccessKey

The @AWSAccessKey argument specifies the name of the unique Amazon Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user.

Important: This @AWSAccessKey argument is replaced by @CloudAccessKey. The @AWSAccessKey argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSAccessKeyEnc

The @AWSAccessKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted unique Amazon Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user.

Important: This @AWSAccessKeyEnc argument is replaced by @CloudAccessKeyEnc. The @AWSAccessKeyEnc argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSBucketName

The @AWSBucketName argument specifies the name of the container for AWS objects. Bucket names must be at least 3 and no more than 63 characters long.

Important: This @AWSBucketName argument is replaced by @CloudBucketName. The @AWSBucketName argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSRegionName

The @AWSRegionName argument specifies the name of the Amazon Web Service region to use for a bucket. Example values are but not limited to: us-east-1, us-west-2, us-west-1, eu-west-1, ap-southeast-1, ap-southeast-2, ap-northeast-1, and sa-east-1.

Important: This @AWSRegionName argument is replaced by @CloudRegionName. The @AWSRegionName argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSSecretKey

The @AWSSecretKey argument specifies the name of the Amazon Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get an AWS account.

Important: This @AWSSecretKey argument is replaced by @CloudSecretKey. The @AWSSecretKey argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSSecretKeyEnc

The @AWSSecretKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted Amazon Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get an AWS account.

Important: This @AWSSecretKeyEnc argument is replaced by @CloudSecretKeyEnc. The @AWSSecretKeyEnc is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSUseGovCloud

The @AWSUseGovCloud argument enables a special restricted region for the US Government use in Amazon S3. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Do not use government cloud
  • 1—Use government cloud

Important: This @AWSUseGovCloud argument is replaced by @CloudGovRegion. The @AWSUseGovCloud argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@buffercount

Specifies the number of SQL Server buffers available for a LiteSpeed operation. The default value is set by SQL Server.

@CloudAccessKey

The @CloudAccessKey argument specifies the name of the unique Cloud Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user. The selections include Amazon Access Key or Azure Account Name.

@CloudAccessKeyEnc

The @CloudAccessKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted unique Cloud Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user.

@CloudBucketName

The @CloudBucketName argument specifies the name of the container for cloud objects. Bucket names must be at least 3 and no more than 63 characters long. The selections are Amazon Bucket Name or Azure Container Name.

@CloudGovRegion

The @CloudGovRegion argument enables a special restricted region for the US Government use in Amazon S3 and Azure Clouds. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Do not use government cloud (default)
  • 1—Use government cloud

@CloudRegionName

The @CloudRegionName argument specifies the name of the Cloud Web Service region to use for a bucket. Example values are but not limited to: us-east-1, us-east-2, us-west-1, us-west-2, ca-central-1, eu-central-1, eu-west-1, eu-west-2, ap-south-1, ap-southeast-1, ap-southeast-2, ap-northeast-1, ap-northeast-2, and sa-east-1.

@CloudSecretKey

The @CloudSecretKey argument specifies the name of the Cloud Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get a Cloud account. The selections are Amazon Secret Key or Azure Access Key.

@CloudSecretKeyEnc

The @CloudSecretKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted Cloud Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get a Cloud account.

@CloudVendor

The @CloudVendor argument specifies the name of the cloud service provider. The argument accepts one of the following values: "AmazonS3" or "AzureBlob."

@database

Name of database to be backed up or restored.

This parameter specifies a database:

  • to be backed up (xp_backup_database and xp_slsFastCompression)

  • containing the transaction log to be backed up (xp_backup_log)

  • to be restored (xp_restore_database and xp_restore_log)

  • on which you wish to check the progress of an activity (xp_slsReadProgress)

  • for which you want to delete old backups (xp_slsSmartCleanup)

If supplied as a variable (@database), this name can be specified either as a string constant (@database = database name) or as a variable of character string data type, except for the ntext or text data types.

@DisconnectUsers

Disconnect users on executing restore (in standby mode only). This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Do not disconnect users (default).
  • 1—Disconnect users.

@encryptionkey

Value used to generate the encryption key for the encryption algorithm. If you do not supply encryption key, then the program will not encrypt the backup. If you use the wrong encryption key, the restore will fail.

Caution: When encrypting data, take care not to lose the encryption key; a backup cannot be restored or recovered without the original encryption key.

Example of key: 'Mypassword'

@filename

Specifies a backup location (e.g. C:\backups\AdventureWorks.bak). This argument accepts network destinations. You can supply multiple instances of this argument to use stripe backups.

@filenumber

Disk restores:

Specifies the particular backup to use when recasting, restoring, extracting or reading from files with multiple appended backups. You can run xp_restore_headeronly to query the files contained within the backup set given by backup_file_name.

Tape restores:

Identifies the backup set to be restored. For example, a file number of 1 indicates the first backup set on the backup medium, and a file number of 2 indicates the second backup set.

@ioflag

Specifies if LiteSpeed should wait and retry the read or write operation on failure. You can define retry options using the following parameters:

  • DISK_RETRY_COUNT—Specifies the number of times that a specific operation will be retried on failure. The default is 4 retries, the maximum allowed setting is 1000.
  • DISK_RETRY_WAIT—Specifies the number of seconds to wait immediately following a failure before retrying. The default is 15 seconds, the maximum allowed setting is 300.

NOTE: This functionality is only available for disk and cloud operations.

For example, to specify a database backup where each failure can be retried once after a 30-second wait:

EXEC master.dbo.xp_backup_database
@filename='c:\test.bkp'
, @database='test'
, @ioflag='DISK_RETRY_COUNT=1'
, @ioflag='DISK_RETRY_WAIT=30'

Network Resilience

@jobp

Specifies an encrypted key. (Similar to @EncryptionKey).

You can use xp_encrypt_backup_key to convert the password (encryption_key) for use with @jobp. The original password (or encrypted key generated by xp_encrypt_restore_key) must be used to restore a backup.

@logging

Writes a log file for the operation. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Logging off.

  • 1 or any odd value—Logging on. Log file is removed on success.

  • 2 or any even value—Logging on.

The default output directory is C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Quest Software\LiteSpeed\SQL Server\Logs (or C:\ProgramData\Quest Software\LiteSpeed\SQL Server\Logs) (or C:\ProgramData\Quest Software\LiteSpeed\SQL Server\Logs). To log to a different directory add @Trace='logpath=path'.

See Configure Logging in LiteSpeed for information about LiteSpeed logging.

@maxtransfersize

Specifies the largest unit of transfer in bytes to be used between SQL Server and LiteSpeed. The possible values are multiples of 65536 bytes (64 KB) ranging up to 4,194,304 bytes (4 MB). The default is 1048576 (1 MB).

@Page

The @Page argument allows you to restore one or more damaged pages without the need to restore the whole database. Restoring and recovering a few individual pages might be faster than a file restore by reducing the amount of data that is offline during a restore operation. However, if you have to restore more than a few pages in a file, it may be more efficient to restore the whole file. For example, if lots of pages on a device indicate a pending device failure, consider restoring the file, possibly to another location, and repairing the device. Please refer to the Microsoft SQL Server documentation on Restore Pages for additional information and guidelines on page restores.

@priority

Specifies the priority of the LiteSpeed process compared to other processes running on the same server. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • -1—Below Normal

  • 0—Normal (Default)

  • 1—AboveNormal

  • 2—High

@ProxyHost

The @ProxyHost argument is optional and specifies the name of the proxy host name that is running the proxy server.

note: If the @ProxyHost argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyLogin

The @ProxyLogin argument is optional and specifies the proxy server login credential.

note: If not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyPassword

The @ProxyPassword argument is optional and specifies the proxy server password credential.

note: If the @ProxyPassword argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyPasswordEnc

The @ProxyPasswordEnc argument is optional and specifies the encrypted proxy server password credential.

note: If the @ProxyPasswordEnc argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyPort

The @ProxyPort argument is optional and contains the port number of the proxy server. The TCP/IP port values can be 1-65535.

note: If the @ProxyPort argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@restoreascompressed

Works in conjunction with @restoreasreadonly, creates a folder if it does not exist, and then compresses it. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—False (default)
  • 1—True

@restoreasreadonly

Instructs the restore operation to leave the database in read-only mode. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—False (default)
  • 1—True

Using this option, you can restore a user database into an NTFS compressed folder or restore a tlog to a read-only database in a compressed folder.

NOTES:

  • When using an NTFS-compressed folder for a database, it can only be restored as read-only.
  • You can only use this feature on Windows NTFS file systems.

@returndetails

Generates a single-row result set.

  • 0—False (default)
  • 1—True

The result set contains the following details:

Column Name Data Type Description
Database nvarchar (128) Database name.
Operation nvarchar (30) Operation type: Backup or Restore.
Threads tinyint The number of threads used for a LiteSpeed backup.
CompressionLevel tinyint Compression level used for compressing the backup. The compression level can be NULL, if backed up with Adaptive Compression.
AdaptiveCompression nvarchar (max)

Adaptive Compression option used for compressing the backup: 'speed' or 'size'.

MaxTransferSize int Specifies the largest unit of transfer in bytes to be used between SQL Server and LiteSpeed. The possible values are multiples of 65536 bytes (64 KB) ranging up to 4,194,304 bytes (4 MB). The default is 1048576 (1 MB) .
BaseSize int The smallest chunk of memory LiteSpeed attempts to write to disk at any given time.
BufferCount smallint The number of SQL Server buffers available for a LiteSpeed operation.
StripeCount smallint Number of backup files in the stripe set.
OverlappedBuffers tinyint The number of buffers that any single VDI thread can use at a time.
CPUSeconds numeric (18, 3) Processor time used by the LiteSpeed operation.
ElapsedSeconds

numeric (18, 3)

Duration of the operation.
NativeSize bigint Backup size (in bytes) without LiteSpeed compression.
BackupSize bigint Size of the backup (in bytes).

Tip: In Toad, you can use Group Execute to produce a single result set for several server instances.

@rewind

Applies only to backing up and restoring tape. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Leave the tape unwound (default)

  • 1—Rewind the tape after writing/reading

@throttle

Specifies the maximum CPU usage allowed. The argument accepts an integer value between 1 and 100. The default value is 100. This is the percentage of the total amount of CPU usage (across all enabled processors) available.

TIP: Before you start tuning the CPU Throttle or Affinity parameters to adjust backup performance, try limiting the number of threads. If you decide to use an affinity value other than default, it is recommended that you limit the threading as well. You may also want to consider using Adaptive Compression to maintain backup performance. For more information, see Adaptive Compression.

@TSMArchive

Specifies to store the backup as a TSM archive. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—False (default)
  • 1—True

@tsmclientnode

Specifies the TSM server LiteSpeed connects to during backups and restores. Not required, if specified in the options file or if backing up with the Passwordaccess Generate option.

@tsmclientownerpwd

Specifies the TSM client owner user password. Not required, if specified in the options file or if backing up with the Passwordaccess Generate option.

@tsmconfigfile

Specifies the TSM configuration file.

@tsmmanagementclass

Specifies the TSM management class. If not specified, LiteSpeed uses the default management class.

@tsmobject

Defines the TSM filespace, high level and low level. This argument accepts the following format:

tsm_filespace\tsm_high_level\tsm_low_level

where:

  • tsm_filespace is the logical space on the TSM server that contains a group of files. It can be the drive label name or UNC name.

  • tsm_high_level specifies the directory path in which the file belongs.

  • tsm_low_level specifies actual name of the file.

NOTE: You may only store one item the location specified by this argument. It is not possible to append an object to this location. You can use the -I command-line argument or @init to back up to a non-unique location.

@tsmpointintime

Specifies the date for restore/to filter results. If it is not passed, LiteSpeed will choose the most recent archived backup. The format is yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss.

NOTE: If the backup was a striped backup and the point-in-times of the various striped files are different (rare but can be different a second or so), then the most recent of the times must be chosen.

@unload

Applies to tape backups and restores. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Keep tape loaded (default)

  • 1—Unload and eject tape from the drive after operation

@UseSSL

The @UseSSL argument specifies that the connection uses SSL security. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Do not use SSL
  • 1—Use SSL (default)

@with

Each @with argument should be a syntactically complete and correct statement. Please refer to the SQL Server Transact-SQL backup and restore documentation for the syntax and usage.

The supported formats are:

  • @with='PARAMETER'
  • @with='PARAMETER=''accepted_value'''

NOTES:

  • Extended stored procedure arguments are limited to 255 characters. If you need more than 255 characters, use multiple @with arguments.
  • Do not supply the @with parameter if no additional features are required.

This extended stored procedure accepts the following @with parameters:

Parameter

Description

NORECOVERY

Instructs the restore operation to not roll back any uncommitted transactions. Either the NORECOVERY or STANDBY option must be specified if another transaction log has to be applied. If NORECOVERY, RECOVERY, or STANDBY is not specified, RECOVERY is the default.

SQL Server requires that the WITH NORECOVERY option is used on all but the final xp_restore_log statement when restoring a database backup and multiple transaction logs using LiteSpeed, or when multiple xp_restore_database or xp_restore_log statements are needed (for example, a full database backup followed by a differential database backup).

NOTE: When specifying the NORECOVERY option, the database is not usable in this intermediate, non-recovered state.

When used with a file or filegroup restore operation, NORECOVERY forces the database to remain in the restoring state after the restore operation. This is useful in either of these situations:

  • a restore script is being run and the log is always being applied.

  • a sequence of file restores is used and the database is not intended to be usable between two of the restore operations.

RECOVERY

Instructs the restore operation to roll back any uncommitted transactions. After the recovery process, the database is ready for use.

If subsequent LiteSpeed restore operations (xp_restore_log or xp_restore_database from differential) are planned, NORECOVERY or STANDBY should be specified instead.

If NORECOVERY, RECOVERY, or STANDBY is not specified, RECOVERY is the default.

When restoring backup sets from an earlier version of SQL Server, a database upgrade may be required. This upgrade is performed automatically when WITH RECOVERY is specified.

RESTRICTED_USER

When used in conjunction with recovery (another with param and the default) leaving a usable database, this restricts access for the restored database to members of the db_owner, dbcreator, or sysadmin roles.

STANDBY

STANDBY = ''undo_file_name''

Specifies the undo file name so the recovery effects can be undone. The size required for the undo file depends on the volume of undo actions resulting from uncommitted transactions. If you do not specify NORECOVERY, RECOVERY, or STANDBY, LiteSpeed defaults to RECOVERY.

STANDBY allows a database to be brought up for read-only access between transaction log restores and can be used with either warm standby server situations or special recovery situations in which it is useful to inspect the database between log restores.

If the specified undo file name does not exist, LiteSpeed creates it. If the file does exist, LiteSpeed overwrites it.

The same undo file can be used for consecutive LiteSpeed restores of the same database.

NOTE: If free disk space is exhausted on the drive containing the specified undo file name, the LiteSpeed restore operation stops.

STOPAT

STOPAT = date_time | @date_time_var

Specifies that the database be restored to the state it was in as of the specified date and time. If a variable is used for STOPAT, the variable must be varchar, char, smalldatetime, or datetime data type.

Only transaction log records written before the specified date and time are applied to the database.

NOTE: If you specify a STOPAT time that is beyond the end of the xp_restore_log operation, the database is left in an unrecovered state, just as if xp_restore_log had been run with NORECOVERY.

STOPATMARK

STOPATMARK = ''mark_name'' [ AFTER Datetime ]

Specifies recovery to the specified mark, including the transaction that contains the mark.

If AFTER Datetime is omitted, recovery stops at the first mark with the specified name. If AFTER Datetime is specified, recovery stops at the first mark having the specified name exactly at or after Datetime.

STOPBEFOREMARK

STOPBEFOREMARK = ''mark_name'' [ AFTER Datetime ]

Specifies recovery to the specified mark but does not include the transaction that contains the mark.

If AFTER Datetime is omitted, recovery stops at the first mark with the specified name. If AFTER Datetime is specified, recovery stops at the first mark having the specified name exactly at or after Datetime.

CHECKSUM

Causes checksums to be verified when a LiteSpeed backup is created.

NOTE: When you restore a backup containing checksum, it is automatically checked. If you do not want to check the checksums during a restore, supply 'NO_CHECKSUM' .

PASSWORD Specifies the password for the backup set.

Examples

  1. Restore Log to Log Mark:

    EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_log
    @database='MyDB'
    , @filename = 'C:\MSSQL\Backup\MyDB_Backup.BAK'
    , @with ='RECOVERY'
    , @with = 'STOPBEFOREMARK= ''LogMark'''

  2. Restore Log to Point in Time:

    EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_log
    @database='MyDB'
    , @filename = 'C:\MSSQL\Backup\MyDB_Backup.BAK'
    , @with = 'RECOVERY'
    , @with = 'STOPAT = ''2003-03-19 11:10:57.000'''

Returns

0 (success) or non-zero (failure). Return codes represent the native error number returned from SQL Server for any errors encountered during the operation.

To capture the output message, run the following:

declare @rmsg varchar(999)
exec master..<procedure_name> <arguments>, @resultmsg=@rmsg output
select @rmsg

To capture the output message and the result code, run the following:

declare @rc int
declare @rmsg varchar(999)
exec master..<procedure_name> <arguments>, @resultmsg=@rmsg output, @resultcode=@rc output
select @rc, @rmsg

 

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xp_restore_verifyonly

xp_restore_verifyonly

Verifies the backup, but does not restore the backup. It checks to see that the backup set is complete and that all volumes are readable. If the backup is valid, LiteSpeed returns the message from SQL Server: "The backup set is valid."

This topic covers:

Syntax

xp_restore_verifyonly (Disk or TSM)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_verifyonly
@filename = 'backup_file_name' [,...n]
[, @filenumber = n]
[, @encryptionkey = 'encryption_key'| @jobp = 'encrypted_key' ) ]
[, @logging = 0 | 1 | 2 ]
[, @affinity = 0..2147483648]
[, @throttle = 1..100]
[, @ioflag = 'DISK_RETRY_COUNT=n']
[, @ioflag = 'DISK_RETRY_WAIT=n']
[, @buffercount = 'buffer_count']
[, @maxtransfersize = 'maximum_transfer_size']
[, @tsmclientnode = 'TSM_client_node']
[, @tsmclientownerpwd = 'TSM_client_owner_password']
[, @tsmobject = 'TSM_object']
[, @tsmconfigfile = 'TSM_configuration_file'] 
[, @tsmarchive = 1 | 0 ]
[, @tsmpointintime = 'date_time']
[, @returndetails = 0 | 1]

xp_restore_verifyonly (Tape)

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_verifyonly
@filename = 'tape_device_name'
[, @filenumber = n]
[, @encryptionkey = 'encryption_key' ]
[, @logging = 0 | 1 | 2 ]
[, @affinity = 0..2147483648]
[, @throttle = 1..100]
[, @unload = 0 | 1 ]
[, @buffercount = 'buffer_count']
[, @maxtransfersize = 'maximum_transfer_size'] 
[, @returndetails = 0 | 1] 

xp_restore_verifyonly (Amazon S3)

exec master.dbo.xp_restore_verifyonly

@filename = N'test\tlogl.bak',

@filenumber = 1,

@CloudVendor = N'AmazonS3',

@CloudBucketName = N'california',

@CloudAccessKey = N'************',

@CloudSecretKey = N'**********',

@UseSSL = 1,

@with = N'STATS = 10',

@with = N'RECOVERY',

@affinity = 0,

@logging = 0

xp_restore_verifyonly (Microsoft Azure)

exec master.dbo.xp_restore_verifyonly

@filename = N'test\test.bak',

@CloudVendor = N'AzureBlob',

@CloudAccessKeyEnc = N'*******',

@CloudSecretKeyEnc = N'******',

@CloudBucketName = N'test',

@UseSSL = 1,

@with = N'STATS = 10',

@with = N'RECOVERY',

@affinity = 0,

@logging = 0

Arguments

Tips:

  • To see the list of accepted arguments and data types for arguments, execute the following:
    exec master.dbo.<procedure_name> show_help

  • To convert the script for use with the command-line utilities, execute the following:
    exec master.dbo.<procedure_name> show_cmd, <xp_arguments>

@affinity

Processor affinity designates specific processors to run LiteSpeed, while not allowing LiteSpeed to run on the remaining processors.

This argument accepts decimal values and hexadecimal values. If a value begins with "0x" it is interpreted as hexadecimal. A positive 64-bit integer value translates to a binary mask where a value of 1 designates the corresponding processor to be able to run the LiteSpeed process.

NOTE: 32-bit Windows is internally limited to a 32-bit mask.

For example, you need to select processors 2, 3, and 6 for use with LiteSpeed. Number the bits from the right to left. The rightmost bit represents the first processor. Set the second, third, and sixth bits to 1 and all other bits to 0. The result is binary 100110, which is decimal 38 or hexadecimal 0x26. Review the following for additional information:

Decimal Value

Binary Bit Mask

Allow LiteSpeed Threads on Processors

0 0 All (default)

1

1

1

3

11

1 and 2

7 111 1, 2 and 3

38

100110

2, 3, and 6

205 11001101 1, 3, 4, 7, and 8

Tip: Before you start tuning the CPU Throttle or Affinity parameters to adjust backup performance, try limiting the number of threads. If you decide to use an affinity value other than default, it is recommended that you limit the threading as well. You may also want to consider using Adaptive Compression to maintain backup performance. For more information, see Adaptive Compression.

@AWSAccessKey

The @AWSAccessKey argument specifies the name of the unique Amazon Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user.

Important: This @AWSAccessKey argument is replaced by @CloudAccessKey. The @AWSAccessKey argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSAccessKeyEnc

The @AWSAccessKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted unique Amazon Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user.

Important: This @AWSAccessKeyEnc argument is replaced by @CloudAccessKeyEnc. The @AWSAccessKeyEnc argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSBucketName

The @AWSBucketName argument specifies the name of the container for AWS objects. Bucket names must be at least 3 and no more than 63 characters long.

Important: This @AWSBucketName argument is replaced by @CloudBucketName. The @AWSBucketName argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSRegionName

The @AWSRegionName argument specifies the name of the Amazon Web Service region to use for a bucket. Example values are but not limited to: us-east-1, us-west-2, us-west-1, eu-west-1, ap-southeast-1, ap-southeast-2, ap-northeast-1, and sa-east-1.

Important: This @AWSRegionName argument is replaced by @CloudRegionName. The @AWSRegionName argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSSecretKey

The @AWSSecretKey argument specifies the name of the Amazon Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get an AWS account.

Important: This @AWSSecretKey argument is replaced by @CloudSecretKey. The @AWSSecretKey argument is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSSecretKeyEnc

The @AWSSecretKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted Amazon Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get an AWS account.

Important: This @AWSSecretKeyEnc argument is replaced by @CloudSecretKeyEnc. The @AWSSecretKeyEnc is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@AWSUseGovCloud

The @AWSSecretKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted Amazon Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get an AWS account.

Important: This @AWSSecretKeyEnc argument is replaced by @CloudSecretKeyEnc. The @AWSSecretKeyEnc is no longer valid in subsequent LiteSpeed versions after 8.2.

@buffercount

Specifies the number of SQL Server buffers available for a LiteSpeed operation. The default value is set by SQL Server.

@CloudAccessKey

The @CloudAccessKey argument specifies the name of the unique Cloud Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user. The selections include Amazon Access Key or Azure Account Name.

@CloudAccessKeyEnc

The @CloudAccessKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted unique Cloud Web Service alphanumeric access key that identifies each user.

@CloudBucketName

The @CloudBucketName argument specifies the name of the container for cloud objects. Bucket names must be at least 3 and no more than 63 characters long. The selections are Amazon Bucket Name or Azure Container Name.

@CloudGovRegion

The @CloudGovRegion argument enables a special restricted region for the US Government use in Amazon S3 and Azure Clouds. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Do not use government cloud (default)
  • 1—Use government cloud

@CloudRegionName

The @CloudRegionName argument specifies the name of the Cloud Web Service region to use for a bucket. Example values are but not limited to: us-east-1, us-east-2, us-west-1, us-west-2, ca-central-1, eu-central-1, eu-west-1, eu-west-2, ap-south-1, ap-southeast-1, ap-southeast-2, ap-northeast-1, ap-northeast-2, and sa-east-1.

@CloudSecretKey

The @CloudSecretKey argument specifies the name of the Cloud Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get a Cloud account. The selections are Amazon Secret Key or Azure Access Key.

@CloudSecretKeyEnc

The @CloudSecretKeyEnc argument specifies the name of the encrypted Cloud Web Service secret key that is assigned when you initially get a Cloud account.

@CloudVendor

The @CloudVendor argument specifies the name of the cloud service provider. The argument accepts one of the following values: "AmazonS3" or "AzureBlob."

@encryptionkey

Value used to generate the encryption key for the encryption algorithm. If you do not supply encryption key, then the program will not encrypt the backup. If you use the wrong encryption key, the restore will fail.

Caution: When encrypting data, take care not to lose the encryption key; a backup cannot be restored or recovered without the original encryption key.

Example of key: 'Mypassword'

@filename

Specifies a backup location (e.g. C:\backups\AdventureWorks.bak). This argument accepts network destinations. You can supply multiple instances of this argument to use stripe backups.

@filenumber

Disk restores:

Specifies the particular backup to use when recasting, restoring, extracting or reading from files with multiple appended backups. You can run xp_restore_headeronly to query the files contained within the backup set given by backup_file_name.

Tape restores:

Identifies the backup set to be restored. For example, a file number of 1 indicates the first backup set on the backup medium, and a file number of 2 indicates the second backup set.

@ioflag

Specifies if LiteSpeed should wait and retry the read or write operation on failure. You can define retry options using the following parameters:

  • DISK_RETRY_COUNT—Specifies the number of times that a specific operation will be retried on failure. The default is 4 retries, the maximum allowed setting is 1000.
  • DISK_RETRY_WAIT—Specifies the number of seconds to wait immediately following a failure before retrying. The default is 15 seconds, the maximum allowed setting is 300.

NOTE: This functionality is only available for disk and cloud operations.

For example, to specify a database backup where each failure can be retried once after a 30-second wait:

EXEC master.dbo.xp_backup_database
@filename='c:\test.bkp'
, @database='test'
, @ioflag='DISK_RETRY_COUNT=1'
, @ioflag='DISK_RETRY_WAIT=30'

Network Resilience

@jobp

Specifies an encrypted key. (Similar to @EncryptionKey).

You can use xp_encrypt_backup_key to convert the password (encryption_key) for use with @jobp. The original password (or encrypted key generated by xp_encrypt_restore_key) must be used to restore a backup.

@logging

Writes a log file for the operation. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Logging off.

  • 1 or any odd value—Logging on. Log file is removed on success.

  • 2 or any even value—Logging on.

The default output directory is C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Quest Software\LiteSpeed\SQL Server\Logs (or C:\ProgramData\Quest Software\LiteSpeed\SQL Server\Logs) (or C:\ProgramData\Quest Software\LiteSpeed\SQL Server\Logs). To log to a different directory add @Trace='logpath=path'.

See Configure Logging in LiteSpeed for information about LiteSpeed logging.

@maxtransfersize

Specifies the largest unit of transfer in bytes to be used between SQL Server and LiteSpeed. The possible values are multiples of 65536 bytes (64 KB) ranging up to 4,194,304 bytes (4 MB). The default is 1048576 (1 MB).

@ProxyHost

The @ProxyHost argument is optional and specifies the name of the proxy host name that is running the proxy server.

note: If the @ProxyHost argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyLogin

The @ProxyLogin argument is optional and specifies the proxy server login credential.

note: If not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyPassword

The @ProxyPassword argument is optional and specifies the proxy server password credential.

note: If the @ProxyPassword argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyPasswordEnc

The @ProxyPasswordEnc argument is optional and specifies the encrypted proxy server password credential.

note: If the @ProxyPasswordEnc argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@ProxyPort

The @ProxyPort argument is optional and contains the port number of the proxy server. The TCP/IP port values can be 1-65535.

note: If the @ProxyPort argument is not defined, then the LiteSpeed core engine checks the local .ini files for the proxy parameters. If the proxy parameters are not detected, then the LiteSpeed core engine connects directly to the proxy servers.

@returndetails

Generates a single-row result set.

  • 0—False (default)
  • 1—True

The result set contains the following details:

Column Name Data Type Description
Database nvarchar (128) Database name.
Operation nvarchar (30) Operation type: Backup or Restore.
Threads tinyint The number of threads used for a LiteSpeed backup.
CompressionLevel tinyint Compression level used for compressing the backup. The compression level can be NULL, if backed up with Adaptive Compression.
AdaptiveCompression nvarchar (max)

Adaptive Compression option used for compressing the backup: 'speed' or 'size'.

MaxTransferSize int Specifies the largest unit of transfer in bytes to be used between SQL Server and LiteSpeed. The possible values are multiples of 65536 bytes (64 KB) ranging up to 4,194,304 bytes (4 MB). The default is 1048576 (1 MB) .
BaseSize int The smallest chunk of memory LiteSpeed attempts to write to disk at any given time.
BufferCount smallint The number of SQL Server buffers available for a LiteSpeed operation.
StripeCount smallint Number of backup files in the stripe set.
OverlappedBuffers tinyint The number of buffers that any single VDI thread can use at a time.
CPUSeconds numeric (18, 3) Processor time used by the LiteSpeed operation.
ElapsedSeconds

numeric (18, 3)

Duration of the operation.
NativeSize bigint Backup size (in bytes) without LiteSpeed compression.
BackupSize bigint Size of the backup (in bytes).

Tip: In Toad, you can use Group Execute to produce a single result set for several server instances.

@throttle

Specifies the maximum CPU usage allowed. The argument accepts an integer value between 1 and 100. The default value is 100. This is the percentage of the total amount of CPU usage (across all enabled processors) available.

TIP: Before you start tuning the CPU Throttle or Affinity parameters to adjust backup performance, try limiting the number of threads. If you decide to use an affinity value other than default, it is recommended that you limit the threading as well. You may also want to consider using Adaptive Compression to maintain backup performance. For more information, see Adaptive Compression.

@tsmarchive

Specifies to store the backup as a TSM archive. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—False (default)
  • 1—True

@tsmclientnode

Specifies the TSM server LiteSpeed connects to during backups and restores. Not required, if specified in the options file or if backing up with the Passwordaccess Generate option.

@tsmclientownerpwd

Specifies the TSM client owner user password. Not required, if specified in the options file or if backing up with the Passwordaccess Generate option.

@tsmconfigfile

Specifies the TSM configuration file.

@tsmobject

Defines the TSM filespace, high level and low level. This argument accepts the following format:

tsm_filespace\tsm_high_level\tsm_low_level

where:

  • tsm_filespace is the logical space on the TSM server that contains a group of files. It can be the drive label name or UNC name.

  • tsm_high_level specifies the directory path in which the file belongs.

  • tsm_low_level specifies actual name of the file.

NOTE: You may only store one item the location specified by this argument. It is not possible to append an object to this location. You can use the -I command-line argument or @init to back up to a non-unique location.

@tsmpointintime

Specifies the date for restore/to filter results. If it is not passed, LiteSpeed will choose the most recent archived backup. The format is yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss.

NOTE: If the backup was a striped backup and the point-in-times of the various striped files are different (rare but can be different a second or so), then the most recent of the times must be chosen.

@unload

Applies to tape backups and restores. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Keep tape loaded (default)

  • 1—Unload and eject tape from the drive after operation

@UseSSL

The @UseSSL argument specifies that the connection uses SSL security. This argument accepts one of the following values:

  • 0—Do not use SSL
  • 1—Use SSL (default)

@with 

Each @with argument should be a syntactically complete and correct statement. Please refer to the SQL Server Transact-SQL backup and restore documentation for the syntax and usage.

The supported formats are:

  • @with='PARAMETER'
  • @with='PARAMETER=''accepted_value'''

NOTES:

  • Extended stored procedure arguments are limited to 255 characters. If you need more than 255 characters, use multiple @with arguments.
  • Do not supply the @with parameter if no additional features are required.

This extended stored procedure accepts the following @with parameters:

Parameter

Description

CHECKSUM

Causes checksums to be verified when a LiteSpeed backup is created.

NOTE: When you restore a backup containing checksum, it is automatically checked. If you do not want to check the checksums during a restore, supply 'NO_CHECKSUM' .

PASSWORD Specifies the password for the backup set.

Example

EXEC master.dbo.xp_restore_verifyonly  

@filename='C:\MSSQL\Backup\MyDB_Backup.BAK'

Returns

0 (success) or non-zero (failure). Return codes represent the native error number returned from SQL Server for any errors encountered during the operation.

To capture the output message, run the following:

declare @rmsg varchar(999)
exec master..<procedure_name> <arguments>, @resultmsg=@rmsg output
select @rmsg

To capture the output message and the result code, run the following:

declare @rc int
declare @rmsg varchar(999)
exec master..<procedure_name> <arguments>, @resultmsg=@rmsg output, @resultcode=@rc output
select @rc, @rmsg

 

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