Configuration policies bring standardization to a particular tenant (organizational unit). For example, you could use a configuration policy to grant access to a certain resource for all users within a tenant.
Or, you might manage two tenants. One contains people working in the United States, and the other contains people in the United Kingdom. You can create configuration policies to give users in the United States a Country attribute of US. And, another configuration policy gives users within the United Kingdom a Country attribute of UK.
Once a configuration policy is assigned to a particular tenant (organizational unit), a job is initiated. The job updates all user objects within the tenant, as shown below.
After initial setup, any time a new user is added to the tenant (organizational unit), a job runs to ensure the user object matches all of the tenant’s configuration policies.
For a brief overview, check out the video below: