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Toad Data Point 5.0 - User Guide

Create ODBC Connections

Toad Data Point allows you to create a connection to a database that supports an ODBC 3.0 or later driver. ODBC connectivity provides basic querying capability, but may not be as full-featured as a native connection in Toad. For a list of databases tested with the ODBC provider, see the Release Notes.

This form of connectivity allows connections to databases such as Netezza, IBM iSeries, Ingres, and Vertica.

Note: Distinct values are not available in Code Completion for ODBC connections. 

DSN Architecture (Bitness) Must Match Toad

To create a successful ODBC connection, the architecture (bitness) of the driver in the specified DSN must match the architecture (bitness) of Toad. For example, 64-bit Toad requires an applicable 64-bit driver and 32-bit Toad requires an applicable 32-bit driver.

To create an ODBC connection

  1. Click on the toolbar (ALT+F+N+O).
  2. Select ODBC Generic from the Group list box.
  3. Use data source name—Select to display data source names. Clear this check box if you want to display the driver names.
  4. To create a data source to use in this connection, click in the Data Source Name field. Then click Add.  
  5. Select an ODBC driver from the list, and click Finish.

    Note: If creating an Oracle ODBC connection, select the ODBC driver provided by Oracle. The Microsoft ODBC for Oracle driver has less functionality than the driver provided by Oracle.

  6. Specify the configuration properties required for the database in the Windows configuration dialog.

    Notes:

    • If you have an Oracle database with Unicode data, make sure to select Force SQL_WCHAR Support on the Workarounds tab of the windows Oracle ODBC Configuration dialog. If you do not, you will not be able to see the data.
    • If creating a MySQL ODBC connection to use in a cross-connection query, you must specify a database in the Windows MySQL ODBC Configuration dialog. See Troubleshoot MySQL Issues for more information.
  7. Specify the connection properties in the Create New Connection dialog. Review the following for additional information:

    General  

    Data source name

    Select the driver or data source name you added in the previous steps.

    User

    Enter the user name to use when connecting.

    Password

    Enter the password to use when connecting.

    Tip: After connecting, you can set a master password to further secure your connection in Tools | Options| Environment | Security.

    Database

    Select a database or schema. Click to create a temporary connection and display available databases/schemas in the drop-down list.

    Information

    Data Source Name

    Displays the selected driver or data source name.

    Driver

    Displays the ODBC driver associated with the data source.

    Advanced  
    Default Table Column

    Specify default options to use when creating a new table.

    Column type—Select the default data type to use when creating a table.

    Column length—For the selected column type, enter a default column length to use.

    Advanced Options

    Block Cursor Size—Specify the number of rows to return in a single fetch of data from the result set.

    Disable multi-threading—Multi-threading is disabled by default. Enable multi-threading only if supported by the driver. Multi-threading can improve performance, but can also result in unpredictable behavior if not supported by the driver.

    Default: Selected

    Category (Optional) Select an existing category or create a new one. See Set Connection Categories for more information.
  8. Click Connect to connect immediately while saving the connection information. Optionally, click Save to save the connection without connecting.

Tip: Connections are stored in the connections.xml file and can be found by clicking the Application Data Directory link in Help | About.

Tips for Working with ODBC Connections

Tip Description
Filter DSN by bitness

To filter Data Source Names displayed in the New Connection dialog by the bitness of Toad, go to Tools | Options | Database | ODBC.

Cache object metadata

To cache object metadata for ODBC connections and retain it between sessions, go to Tools | Options | Database | ODBC and select to enable disk caching.

Cached object metadata is retained until manually refreshed.

Refresh object metadata

To refresh object metadata for all ODBC connections, in the Object Explorer right-click an object and select Refresh All.

Right-click an object and select Refresh Schema to refresh only objects in that schema.

ODBC Features

Feature Description
Bypass schema/instance selection in SQL Editor

For ODBC connections, in the SQL Editor you can bypass selecting a schema/instance and specify this information through the script instead. This is useful if your script executes SQL against multiple schemas.

To use this method, select I will set schema/instance in the script from the schema/instance drop-down list in the SQL Editor window. Then specify the schema/instance through your script.

Note: When this option is selected, some code completion features, object actions, and object information tool tips are unavailable for this SQL Editor window.

Click here to view a video about creating connections in Toad Data Point

 

Related Topics

Understand Toad Connections

Switching Connections in Toad

Create Oracle Connections

You can create a new connection, or connect to an existing connection from the Create New Connection window. See Troubleshoot Oracle Issues for more information about troubleshooting connection issues.

Click here to view a video about creating connections in Toad Data Point

Tip: You can configure Toad Data Point to accept connection information from Toad for Oracle. See Add Connection Parameters to Open Toad Data Point from Toad for Oracle for more information.

Client Connection or Direct Connection

You can connect to your database using a native Oracle database provider in Toad using one of the following methods:

Connection Method

Advantages

Disadvantages

Client connection

Client tab—Uses an installed Oracle Client or Oracle Instant Client to establish a connection to the database from Toad.

Supports LDAP

See Configure Oracle LDAP Support for more information about configuring the Oracle client to use LDAP.

Requires an Oracle client

Note: Toad supports Oracle clients and Oracle Instant clients using version 9i or later.

Direct connection

Direct Connect tab—Uses TCP/IP to connect directly to the database.

Does not require an installed Oracle Client

Recommended for connecting to Oracle 8i databases

This method only supports common data types. Some advanced Oracle object types cannot be retrieved when connecting using this method.

This method does not support LDAP. (To connect using LDAP, use the Client Connection method instead.)

This method cannot be used in a cross-connection query.

Note: Quest recommends using one of the methods described in this table to connect to Oracle rather than an ODBC driver. Because ODBC connectivity is generic, it is not full-featured and may not be as robust as the fully exploited native database provider.

Data Types Supported

Toad supports both the 32-bit and the 64-bit versions of the Oracle Client. The following table identifies which Oracle data types are supported for each client type.

Data Type Supported Using
32-Bit Client
Supported Using
64-Bit Client
CHAR
VARCHAR2 and VARCHAR
NCHAR and NVARCHAR2
LONG
NUMBER
DATE
TIMESTAMP
BLOB
CLOB
NCLOB
BFILE
RAW, LONG RAW
ROWID
XMLType 1, 2
SDO_GEOMETRY
VARRAY
Nested Table
User-Defined

Table Notes:

  1. An XMLType that uses an XML schema is supported, but only when using Oracle Client 11.2 or later.
  2. XMLType data that is stored as binary XML is not supported.

Configure the Oracle Instant Client

The Oracle Instant client installs only those files needed to connect to your database using OCI. Because this client does not write to the registry (no ORACLE_HOMES) or add to the environmental path, you must manually set environment variables so the client can be used with Toad.

To configure the Oracle Instant Client to work with Toad

  1. Save the Oracle Instant Client files in any location on the computer where Toad is installed.
  2. On your Windows desktop, right-click My Computer and select Properties.
  3. Select the Advanced tab and click Environment Variables.
  4. Click New under System Variables and complete the following:

    Variable name Variable Value
    PATH

    <Path where Instant Client is installed>;%PATH%

    For Example: C:\Program Files\OracleInstantClient;%PATH%

    TNS_ADMIN

    <Path where tnsnames.ora file is installed>

  5. To use the Oracle Instant Client connection in a cross-connection query, you must also install an Oracle ODBC driver. (While the Oracle Client full install includes an ODBC driver, the Oracle Instant Client does not.)

Note: You cannot use an Oracle Direct Connection in a cross-connection query.

Create an Oracle Connection

To create an Oracle connection

  1. Click on the toolbar (ALT+F+N).

  2. Select Oracle from the Group list box.

  3. Review the following for additional information:

    Login Tab Description

    Database name

    Select the alias to use when connecting. This list displays aliases from LDAP, as well as any local tnsnames.ora file.

    When you initially open the connection dialog, Toad retrieves the list of LDAP names from the LDAP server. Toad caches this list and displays it upon subsequent requests, within one Toad session. To refresh the list, click .

    Note: If you do not select a database, Toad uses the ORACLE_SID for the selected home. If an ORACLE_SID value does not exist and you do not specify a database, you cannot connect.

    Password

    Enter the password to use when connecting.

    Tip: After connecting, you can set a master password to further secure your connection in Tools | Options| Environment | Security.

    Connect as

    Select whether to connect as either SYSDBA or SYSOPER if you have the appropriate permissions. Otherwise, use the default.

    Schema

    Select a schema if you frequently work in a different schema than the one associated with your user name.

    Explain plan table

    (Optional) Specify the location of an existing explain plan table to use instead of Toad automatically creating one for you when you execute a statement. This is useful if you do not have necessary permissions to create explain plan tables or want to use an existing table.

    Category

    Select or create a category if you want to color code Editor tabs for a specific connection. This can help differentiate between development and production databases. You can also set an option to color code the Object Explorer pane and object editor windows (Create, Alter, Drop, etc.). See Set Connection Categories for more information.  Click here to view a video of this feature.

    Save password

    Select this check box if you plan to use this connection in a scheduled Automation script.

    Note:  This option is disabled if Toad was installed with Prohibit saving passwords selected.

    Oracle Client Tab

    Description

    Current home

    Modify the Oracle home to use, if needed.

    TNSNames Editor

    Click this button to edit your local TNSNames file.

    Tip: You can press CTRL+F to open the Find/Replace window to locate entries in the TNS Names Editor. Pressing F3 locates the next entry that matches your criteria.

    SQLNET Editor

    Click this button to edit SQLNET.ORA parameters. Before editing this file, you should create a backup copy. See SQLNET.ORA Profile Parameters in the Oracle documentation for more information.  

    Direct Tab

    Description

    SID

    Enter the ORACLE_SID value for the database. This value is specified in the registry under each installed home.

    Advanced Tab Description

    ODBC driver

    If an Oracle Client is installed, the default is the Oracle ODBC driver.

    If an Oracle Client is not installed, the default is the Microsoft Access ODBC driver.

    Tip: You can specify the ODBC driver to use for all connections for this database provider in Tools | Options | Database | Oracle.

  1. Click Connect to connect immediately while saving the connection information. Optionally, click Save to save the connection without connecting.

Note: Go to Tools | Options | Database | Oracle to specify default options to use in Oracle connections.

Tip: Connections are stored in the connections.xml file and can be found by clicking the Application Data Directory link in Help | About.

 

Related Topics

Understand Toad Connections

Switching Connections in Toad

Configure Oracle LDAP Support

Create SQL Server Connections

You can create a new connection, or connect to an existing connection from the Create New Connection window. See Troubleshoot SQL Server® Issues for more information about troubleshooting connection issues.

Click here to view a video about creating connections in Toad Data Point

Note: For SQL Azure connections:

  • To be able to utilize majority of Toad functionality please grant VIEW DEFINITION on the SQL Azure databases you want to work with.
  • You can login to Windows Azure Platform by selecting Tools | Cloud Computing | SQL Azure Portal and providing your credentials.
  • Make sure that no Azure firewall rule restricts your IP address from having access to Azure server. See Create and Alter Azure Firewall Rules for more information.

To create a new connection

  1. Click on the toolbar (ALT+F+N).

  1. Select Microsoft SQL Server or Microsoft SQL Azure from the Group list box.

  2. Review the following for additional information:

    Login Tab Description

    Server name

    Enter the name of the server to use when connecting.

    Click to display any servers running SQL Server that are currently active on the network.

    Notes:

    • For SQL Azure connections, enter InstanceName.database.windows.net in this field.
    • For named instances, enter the MachineName\InstanceName in this field.

    Authentication

    Select the type of authentication to use for this connection.

    You can connect to an Azure SQL database with Active Directory authentication. Client configuration is required. See https:// docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/sql-database/sql-database-aad-authentication-configure#configure-your-client-computers

    Note: You cannot create a SQL Azure connection using Windows Authentication.

    Password

    Enter the password to use when connecting.

    Tip: After connecting, you can set a master password to further secure your connection in Tools | Options| Environment | Security.

    Category

    Select or create a category if you want to color code Editor tabs for a specific connection. This can help differentiate between development and production databases. You can also set an option to color code the Object Explorer pane and object editor windows (Create, Alter, Drop, etc.). See Set Connection Categories for more information.  Click here to view a video of this feature.

    Encrypt connection

    Select this option to enable encryption for the current connection provided that the certificate has been already installed on the server.
    Advanced Tab Description

    Network protocol

    Select one of the following:

    • Shared Memory
    • TCP/IP
    • Named Pipes

      Note: When establishing Named Pipes connection "Poll service status in connection list" option should be cleared.

    Parameter Name/Value

    You can add parameters to the connection. Toad includes the Application Name parameter with value Toad Data Point by default.

    OBDC driver

    Select an ODBC driver to use for this connection when creating cross-connection queries.

    Tip: You can specify the ODBC driver to use for all connections for this database provider in Tools | Options | Database | SQL Server.

  1. Click Connect to save the connection and immediately connect to the database.

    or

    Click Save to save the connection without connecting to the database.  

Tip: Connections are stored in the connections.xml file and can be found by clicking the Application Data Directory link in Help | About.

To import connections (including Central Management Server connections)

  1. Click .
  2. Specify the location where the connections currently reside.

    Note: Review the following for additional information on CMS connections:

    • To import CMS connections, select a server from the list where the CMS is registered. The connection to this SQL Server instance should be created beforehand.
    • CMS is available beginning with Microsoft SQL Server 2008.
    • User should have an appropriate login (Windows Authentication and grant to connect to selected server are required) created on the server to which he connects via CMS.
  3. Select the connections to be imported.

 

Related Topics

Understand Toad Connections

Switching Connections in Toad

Troubleshoot SQL Server® Issues

Understand Toad Connections

Review this topic to learn about open database connections in Toad.

For information about switching the current connection in Toad, see Switching Connections in Toad.

Toad Open Connections

In Toad, an open connection in the Connection/Navigation Manager represents one or more actual connections to the database or data source. When you open a database connection in Toad:

  • Toad creates an initial database connection for general use.
  • Toad also creates a separate database connection for each Editor (the first time you execute a statement) and for each Data tab in the Database Explorer (the first time you select the tab and query data).

    The connection associated with the window (or tab) remains open until you close the window. If a window has an associated connection, but a statement is not currently executing, the connection is in an inactive state.

To view information for an open connection

  • To view the number of actual database connections that exist for a Toad connection, including the number of active connections, place the cursor over the connection in the Connection/Navigation Manager pane or in the connection drop-down list.

To use the Background Processes pane

  • When a statement is executing, a progress bar displays in the Status bar located at the bottom of the Toad application window. Click the executing progress bar to open the Background Processes pane.
  • To cancel statement execution, use the Background Processes pane. See Stop Background Processes for more information.

    Note: It is recommended that you cancel only your own processes, because terminating Toad activities could cause unexpected behavior.

Sharing a Connection Among Windows

You can instruct Toad to share an open connection among windows. In this way, the Editor windows and Data tabs can share the same connection when the connection is inactive.

To share a database connection among windows in Toad

  1. Select Tools | Options | Editor | General.
  2. Clear the checkbox for the Use individual connection for each open editor option.

  3. When this option is not selected, Toad attempts to use a single connection for any new windows or query execution. For example, if you share a database connection, you can execute a query in the Editor, execute another query in a new Editor, and then select the Data tab from the same connection.

    If the single connection is in use when Toad attempts to execute it, the following occurs:

    • (DB2 and Oracle only) If your database supports executing multiple queries simultaneously on a shared connection, the query is placed in a queue and executes as soon as the current operation completes.
    • If your database does not support executing multiple queries on a shared connection, a dialog prompts you to either permanently associate the window with a new database connection, cancel the previous operation, or add the query to a queue until the current operation completes, and the execute it. If you place multiple queries in the queue, each one executes in the order that it was added to the queue.

Note: Although you can share a database connection, any commits apply to the selected window only.

 

Related Topics

Connection/Navigation Manager

General Editor Options 

Switching Connections in Toad

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